Molecule properties change through light

Molecule properties change through light
Tobias Thomanek, Enrique Mendez Vega and Wolfram Sander (from left). Not depicted, but significantly involved in the study: Iris Trosien. Credit: RUB, Marquard

In the field of computer engineering, magnetically switchable materials play a significant role in data storage. A team from the Cluster of Excellence Ruhr Explores Solvation at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) has developed and manufactured a novel molecule called 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene. What's special about it: its magnetic properties can be controlled through light of different colors. This might be of use for computer industry.

The researchers working with Professor Wolfram Sander at the Chair of Organic Chemistry II outline their findings in the journal Angewandte Chemie on 14 August 2019.

Magnetism is indispensable in computer engineering. Magnetism controls, for example, the from the computer to magnetic storage media such as hard disks. Moreover, magnetic storage devices use read/write heads in the form of magnets that identify (i.e. read), or alter (i.e. write) the magnetization patterns on the hard disk.

Methoxy group controls magnetic properties

Developed by Wolfram Sander and his team, the organic molecule 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene is based on a fluorine scaffold with a methoxy group attached in the shape of a rotational tail.

The researchers have figured out that the molecule's are determined by the orientation of the methoxy group, which changes its conformation depending on the kind of light that hits it.

Blue light switches the methoxy group into the "up" conformation forming the diamagnetic and less reactive singlet state. Whereas green light rotates the methoxy group down at the molecule, which results in the paramagnetic triplet state that has a higher reactivity against molecular hydrogen.

Because of its properties, 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene is of great interest to research. "Using this group of atoms, we can study the spin dependence of reactions. It could also play a role in the development of novel switchable magnetic materials and chemical sensors," predicts Sander.

Compared with traditional ferromagnetic materials, 3-methoxy-9-fluorenylidene offers considerable advantages: magnetism can be switched on and off through visible . Moreover, organic magnets are not brittle like conventional magnets, but flexible and can be processed like plastics.

However, the molecule does have one drawback: it is stable only at extremely low temperatures. "This is why we are researching into magnetically switchable materials that can be used under ," says Wolfram Sander.


Explore further

Next step in producing magnetic organic molecules

More information: Iris Trosien et al. Conformational Spin Switching and Spin-Selective Hydrogenation of a Magnetically Bistable Carbene, Angewandte Chemie International Edition (2019). DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906579
Citation: Molecule properties change through light (2019, September 9) retrieved 18 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-09-molecule-properties.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
32 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more