Research finds after-work hobbies key to proactivity in the workplace

February 11, 2019 by Lauren Sydoruk, Curtin University
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Employees who engage in sporting, learning and volunteering activities outside work are more likely to get a better night's sleep and be more proactive in their job, new research involving Curtin University researchers has found.

The research, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, examined how the after-work activities of employees shaped their proactive behaviour and motivation at work the next day.

Lead Australian author ARC Laureate Fellow Professor Sharon Parker, from the Centre for Transformative Work Design based at Curtin University's Future of Work Institute, said employees and managers needed to be aware of how their personal activities might influence their work performance.

"After work, people often take part in activities to alleviate stress, such as reading books, practicing new hobbies, going to the gym and cooking. These activities have a knock-on effect for the quality of our sleep and how we should feel the next morning when we go to work," Professor Parker said.

"How we feel at work impacts our proactivity, which helps create competitive, dynamic and fast-changing work environments, and translates to better work results and career success.

"Our research found that employees who engage in sporting and learning activities, such as going to the gym, exercising, volunteering and , after they finish work were more likely to get a better night's sleep, and be more proactive at work the following day."

The research also showed that conflicts with , additional work demands at home, doing chores and disciplining children negatively affected someone's proactivity at work. It also found that too much relaxation and detachment after work, while contributing to feelings of calm the next day, did not give people the energy and confidence boost needed for next-day proactivity.

Professor Parker explained that the findings could have important implications for the future of the workplace, as well as important tips for managers in dealing with staff.

"Our research suggests that managers and organisations could run workshops or seminars to help employees better understand the relationship between their personal lives and their daily work," Professor Sharon Parker.

"It may also be beneficial for managers to take measures to help employees cope with that occur outside of and accept that employees' proactive behaviour fluctuates from day to day. If managers have more reasonable expectations of their employee's proactive behaviour, then they will be better equipped to respond to an 's change in proactivity."

Explore further: People with boring jobs tend to design dull jobs for their colleagues

More information: Kan Ouyang et al. Enjoy your evening, be proactive tomorrow: How off-job experiences shape daily proactivity., Journal of Applied Psychology (2019). DOI: 10.1037/apl0000391

Related Stories

Relax or learn? Coping with stress at work

September 28, 2017

Work stress can lead to a whole host of problems for employees and organizations. While our own intuition and some studies suggest the value of relaxation techniques such as meditation or exercise, there's another alternative ...

How becoming a manager can be a double-edged sword

December 4, 2018

There are perks to becoming a manager: higher pay, career mobility, and more authority and influence when it comes to making decisions. But there are also downsides: having too much work and not enough time to do it. A new ...

Recommended for you

Where is the universe hiding its missing mass?

February 15, 2019

Astronomers have spent decades looking for something that sounds like it would be hard to miss: about a third of the "normal" matter in the Universe. New results from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory may have helped them ...

What rising seas mean for local economies

February 15, 2019

Impacts from climate change are not always easy to see. But for many local businesses in coastal communities across the United States, the evidence is right outside their doors—or in their parking lots.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.