Approximate quantum cloning: The new way of eavesdropping in quantum cryptography

February 20, 2018, Springer
New approximate cloning method facilitates quantum computing. Credit: Markus Spiske via Unsplash

Cloning of quantum states is used for eavesdropping in quantum cryptography. It also has applications in quantum computation based on quantum information distribution. Uncertainty at the quantum scale makes exact cloning of quantum states impossible. Yet, they may be copied in an approximate way—with a certain level of probability—using a method called probabilistic quantum cloning, or PQC. In a new study published in EPJ D, Pinshu Rui from Anhui Xinhua and Anhui Universities, in the Hefei province of China, and colleagues demonstrate that partial PQC of a given quantum state secretly chosen from a certain set of states, which can be expressed as the superposition of the other states, is possible.

This study is an extension of previous PQC work by Duan and Guo, dating back to 1998, which showed that states can only be probabilistically cloned if all the states in the set are independent— i.e. they cannot be expressed as the linear superposition of the other states. Here, the authors show that if— and only if—an independent subset cannot be expressed as the superposition of the other states in the set, then these dependent states can be partially cloned.

As part of this study, the authors then establish the optimal cloning efficiencies for their approach.

This cloning operation is very important with regard to classical computing. It allows scientists to make many copies of the output of computations—which take the form of unitary operations. These can, in turn, be used as input and fed into various further processes. In , for example, previous studies have shown that PQC can help to enhance performance compared to alternative methods. This means that when unitary operations generate some linearly-dependent states, partial PQC can be helpful.

Explore further: Major discovery in controlling quantum states of single atoms

More information: Pinshu Rui et al, Probabilistic quantum cloning of a subset of linearly dependent states, The European Physical Journal D (2018). DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2017-80643-2

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BeckyMiller
not rated yet Feb 20, 2018
Interesting article thanks. Quantum is another catchy selling word pushed (like ai and robots) that only gets financiers and investors to poor in money since the word is so awesome. Looking at unbreakable-truly going-dark technology that is not mainstream and compliant, unconventional cryptography built and created locally out of the sight of big corporations is the only quantum available. As an avid researcher in the field of encryption for thirty years, I have noticed little improvements in this area expect the advertisements of new catchy words promoted by tech powerhouses/shell spinoff fake companies as they try to innovate using flashy words. Try FreeEmailEncryption.com they are the best (.) If you want unbreakable, look at places not seen in the main stream, avoid the corporate controlled platforms financed by the same elite of banks. Companies that protect users will never be seen in main stream, since the major corps are busy trying to steal their designs as there own inventio

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