Researchers developing a new type of synthetic molecular machine

Researchers developing a new type of synthetic molecular machine
Tubuline. Credit: University of Twente

Researchers at the University of Twente's research institute MESA+ are constructing  molecular machines capable of exerting a measurable force at nanoscale and in fluid environment. The design of these machines is based on self-assembling supramolecular tubules which can accumulate and store energy from light and convert it into a mechanical work.. The tubules were inspired by the biomolecular structures that transport molecular cargo in cells. The research has been published in the leading science journal PNAS

Molecular machines – nano-sized devices that convert energy into movement – have been a global hot topic ever since Ben Feringa won the Nobel prize last year. It is a relatively new research field, but in nature molecular are found everywhere; for instance, they are responsible for muscle contraction, locomotion in sperm and bacteria, cell division, and DNA replication within the cell nucleus. 


Because of their extremely small scale, and the fact that most can only function when suspended in a liquid, it is generally impossible to harvest the force they can exert as they operate in a 'stormy' environment with the omnipresent (ubiquitous) Brownian motion (random motion of particles suspended in a fluid). Nevertheless, making these forces measurable is exactly what is needed to put them to use. Tibor Kudernac, University of Twente researcher and former colleague of Ben Feringa, therefore set himself the goal of developing synthetic whose power could be measured and set to use. To achieve this, he directed himself towards supramolecular chemistry, and self-assembly in particular. Kudernac and his co-researchers have developed that naturally clustertogether to form tubules, tube-like structures up to a  micrometre long and few nanometres wide. When these tubules are illuminated with light, mechanical strain accumulate in their structure until a threshold value is exceeded and the structure abruptly falls apart, releasing the energy. In this way, the researchers succeeded in converting light energy into a stored strain energy that subsequently fuels the specific mechanical response. 

Explore further

Video: Molecular machines: The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, explained

More information: Jean W. Fredy et al. Molecular photoswitches mediating the strain-driven disassembly of supramolecular tubules, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1711184114
Citation: Researchers developing a new type of synthetic molecular machine (2017, October 25) retrieved 1 December 2021 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors