Climate change increased the number of deaths

October 22, 2013

The increased temperatures caused by ongoing climate change in Stockholm, Sweden between 1980 and 2009 caused 300 more premature deaths than if the temperature increase did not take place. In Sweden as a whole, it would mean about 1,500 more premature deaths, according to a study from researchers at Umeå University published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Global warming does not only give a general increase in temperature, but it also increases the frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves. Previous studies have shown that these changes are associated with increased , especially during extremely hot periods. It also speculated that mortality associated with extreme cold could decrease as a result of a .

Researchers at the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, conducted a study in which they examined the extent to which mortality associated with extreme temperatures occurred in Stockholm during the period 1980-2009. In order to assess what can be regarded as extreme temperatures, they compared temperature data from this period with the corresponding data for the period 1900 to 1929.

The study shows that the number of periods of extremely high temperatures increased significantly over the period 1980-2009, all of which contributed to about 300 more deaths during these heat waves than had been the case without .

"Mortality associated with extreme heat during the relevant period was doubled, compared to if we had not had some climate change," says Daniel Oudin Åström, PhD-student in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, who conducted the study. "Furthermore, we saw that even though the winters have become milder, extremely cold periods occurred more often, which also contributed to a small increase in mortality during the winter."

Although the increase in the number of deaths due to extreme temperature overall is quite small over a 30 year period, Daniel Oudin Åström emphasises that the current study only includes the Stockholm area. If the method had been used in the whole of Sweden, or Europe, the increase in the number of deaths would have been much larger. For Sweden as a whole, it is estimated that about 1,500 extra deaths due to climate change had occurred over the past 30 years.

In addition, the researchers only examined mortality in really extreme temperatures. Therefore, the number of caused by less extreme temperatures is not included in the study.

Daniel Oudin Åström says that despite the long-standing debate about climate change, Swedes have not changed their attitude and willingness to protect themselves against .

"The study findings do not suggest any adaptation of the Swedes when it comes to confronting the increasingly warmer climate, such as increased use of air conditioning in elderly housing," says Daniel Oudin Åström. "It is probably because there is relatively little knowledge in regards to increased temperatures and on health."

Explore further: Death rates will rise because of global warming

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2.4 / 5 (20) Oct 22, 2013
Apparently there is no quick and easy IKEA solution to this problem.
1.9 / 5 (23) Oct 22, 2013

3 / 5 (11) Oct 22, 2013
Hmmm must be cool outside triple's window.

Hey triple, do you still think heat causes less death than cold?
1.6 / 5 (20) Oct 22, 2013
"Global warming does not only give a general increase in temperature, but it also increases the frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves."

A much repeated myth by those needing continued gov't grants to survive. There is NO evidence for this but lots of conjecture.

and extreme temperatures - like 25°C or 30°C WOW! The reindeer must be kicking the bucket left and right!
1.7 / 5 (17) Oct 24, 2013
Hmmm must be cool outside triple's window.

Hey triple, do you still think heat causes less death than cold?

Heat does cause less death than cold.

Then again, I am from the UK, and because of environmental arseholes like you, we're forced into green energy which has skyrocketed our energy bills. So over the years I've had many old family members LITERALLY freeze to death. They seem to do lovely every summer though.

1.7 / 5 (17) Oct 24, 2013
Oh also, I guess the famous "iron curtain" of cold russia throughout thousands of years of any invaders dying of cold doesn't mean much. Yet Rome, Greece, and Persia battled it out also for quite some time but most died of wounds, not temperature related.

Yeah. Heat really kills more than cold.
1.3 / 5 (12) Oct 29, 2013
Triplehelix don't laugh at.
This is Scientific study mate!
Global warming is serious(BS)!

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