Astronomers discover 'defiant' new supernova

May 26, 2010 By Kim Luke

(PhysOrg.com) -- An international team of astronomers has uncovered a supernova whose origin cannot be explained by any previously known mechanism and which promises exciting new insights into stellar explosions.

SN2005E was first spotted on January 13, 2005 in the nearby galaxy NGC1032. Since then, scientists have carried out various observations of it using different telescopes including the Keck, the world's largest, at Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Analysis of the collected data, theoretical modeling and interpretation led to the conclusion that SN2005E wasn't a typical supernova.

Supernovae result from the collapse of very or by thermonuclear detonation on the surface of white dwarf stars composed mainly of carbon and oxygen. "But this one, although it appears to be from a white dwarf system, is devoid of carbon and oxygen. Instead it's rich in . It's surprisingly different," says Dae-Sik Moon of the University of Toronto's Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, a member of the team publishing their findings in Nature on May 20.

"The supernova explosion is the most energetic and brilliant event that happens in the universe," says Moon. "It is rich with information, not only about how stars die, but to understanding the origin of life and the expansion of the universe." Most heavy elements are believed to be created in stars and spread through explosions. Also, scientists use the brightness of supernovae to make estimates of the acceleration of the universe.

The lead author of the paper is H. B. Perets at the Weizmann Institute in Israel. The paper stems from a collaboration that started in 2004 at California Institute of Technology when several young postdoctoral fellows, including Avishay Gal-Yam, now at Weizmann Institute, Moon and graduate students formed a group to study core-collapse supernovae. This is ninth paper Moon has published in Nature on similar topics.

Explore further: Fermi finds a 'transformer' pulsar

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

New Type of Cosmic Explosion More Powerful Than Supernovae

Aug 05, 2004

Astronomers have identified a new class of cosmic explosions that are more powerful than supernovae but considerably weaker than most gamma-ray bursts. The discovery strongly suggests a continuum between the two previous ...

Recommended for you

Fermi finds a 'transformer' pulsar

13 hours ago

(Phys.org) —In late June 2013, an exceptional binary containing a rapidly spinning neutron star underwent a dramatic change in behavior never before observed. The pulsar's radio beacon vanished, while at ...

Transiting exoplanet with longest known year

Jul 21, 2014

Astronomers have discovered a transiting exoplanet with the longest known year. Kepler-421b circles its star once every 704 days. In comparison, Mars orbits our Sun once every 780 days. Most of the 1,800-plus ...

User comments : 3

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

omatumr
1 / 5 (6) May 26, 2010
Neutron repulsion (NR) is probably the energy source that causes fission of heavy nuclei and fragmentation of stars.

With kind regards,
Oliver K. Manuel
barakn
not rated yet May 27, 2010
Amazing. There are 5 major types of supernova and an increasing number of variants such as this one, but you can only offer one mechanism to explain this amazing variety.
LuckyBrandon
not rated yet May 27, 2010
so...helium based lifeforms maybe out there in the universe maybe??? wonder if theyd float if we brought em to earth... :D