Sixth-grader proves invasive species of ocean fish can thrive in low saline water

July 22, 2014 by Bob Yirka report
Antennata Lionfish, picture taken in Zoo Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria. Credit: Christian Mehlführer/Wikipedia

(Phys.org) —Twelve year old Lauren Arrington of Jupiter Florida has demonstrated that sometimes the best science is the most simple—to find out if the invasive species, lionfish could live in low saline water, she caught some and put them in low saline water to see how they did. Turns out, they did just fine, proving what she'd suspected, that the fish can thrive in the low saline estuaries that are common around the area where she lives. Up till now, scientists had believed the fish was not a threat to estuary waters, as it could only survive in the ocean.

Lionfish are native to the Indo-Pacific but have made their way to other parts of the word where they are considered to be an . They sport distinctive red and white stripes and tall thin fins and have no known predators—they are venomous and feed on the kinds of fish that tend to maintain reefs—in the absence of such fish, the reefs fail. For that reason, scientists have been studying them to learn more about ways to control them. But, Arrington told a local newspaper, none of the scientists were looking to see if the fish could survive in estuaries where salt levels are much lower. Determined to find out for herself, she caught several of the fish and deposited them in tanks she'd set up. Over time, she slowly decreased salinity levels, eventually getting as low as six parts per million. She stopped at that point, fearful that lower levels would kill the —a non-no for creatures used as part of for her school fair.

After demonstrating her findings at the fair, the local media got wind of what she'd uncovered, which brought her findings to the attention of professional researchers—subsequent experiments by several groups led to published papers and the revelation that can actually survive in environments that are nearly freshwater—a revelation that could spell trouble for waterways near the ocean.

The work by Arrington clearly demonstrates that not all science need be complicated or conducted by those with advanced degrees—it also shows that sometimes it's a good idea to just stop and take a look around when studying organisms—they may surprise you.

Explore further: Caribbean's native predators unable to stop aggressive lionfish population growth

More information: Broad salinity tolerance in the invasive lionfish Pterois spp.may facilitate estuarine colonization, Environ Biol Fish, DOI: 10.1007/s10641-014-0242-y . (PDF)

via Sub Sentinel

Related Stories

'Ghost' fish taking over the Caribbean

October 18, 2013

(Phys.org) —A spiny, toxic and beautiful member of the world's coral reef communities, the Red Lionfish is invisible to the small fish it likes to eat.

War on lionfish shows first promise of success

January 22, 2014

It may take a legion of scuba divers armed with nets and spears, but a new study confirms for the first time that controlling lionfish populations in the western Atlantic Ocean can pave the way for a recovery of native fish.

Controlling lion's share of lionfish

January 27, 2014

(Phys.org) —Three Simon Fraser University researchers and a recent graduate have co-authored the first study to demonstrate that beating back the fearsome lionfish will rejuvenate threatened native fish in the Bahamas and ...

Scientists tether lionfish to Cayman reefs

April 18, 2014

Research done by U.S. scientists in the Cayman Islands suggests that native predators can be trained to gobble up invasive lionfish that colonize regional reefs and voraciously prey on juvenile marine creatures.

Recommended for you

Male seahorse and human pregnancies remarkably alike

September 1, 2015

Their pregnancies are carried by the males but, when it comes to breeding, seahorses have more in common with humans than previously thought, new research from the University of Sydney reveals.

Parasitized bees are self-medicating in the wild, study finds

September 1, 2015

Bumblebees infected with a common intestinal parasite are drawn to flowers whose nectar and pollen have a medicinal effect, a Dartmouth-led study shows. The findings suggest that plant chemistry could help combat the decline ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.