Quantum teleportation between atomic systems over long distances

Jun 06, 2013
Quantum teleportation between atomic systems over long distances
Professor Eugene Polzik, Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, in the quantum optics laboratory with the experiment setup in the background. Credit: Ola Jakup Joensen, Niels Bohr Institute

Researchers have been able to teleport information from light to light at a quantum level for several years. In 2006, researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute succeeded in teleporting between light and gas atoms. Now the research group has succeeded in teleporting information between two clouds of gas atoms and to carry out the teleportation – not just one or a few times, but successfully every single time. The results are published in the scientific journal, Nature Physics.

"It is a very important step for quantum information research to have achieved such stable results that every attempt will succeed," says Eugene Polzik, professor and head of the research center Quantop at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen.

The experiments are conducted in the laboratories of the research group in the basement under the Niels Bohr Institute. There are two glass containers, each containing a cloud of billions of caesium gas atoms. The two glass containers are not connected to each other, but information is teleported from the one glass cloud to the other by means of .

The is sent into the first glass container and then that strange takes place, the light and gas become entangled. The fact that they are entangled means that they have established a quantum link – they are synchronised.

Both glass containers are enclosed in a chamber with a magnetic field and when the laser light (with a specific wavelength) hits the gas atoms, the outermost electrons in the atoms react –like magnetic needles – by pointing in the same direction. The direction can be up or down, and it is this direction that makes up quantum information, in the same way that regular computer information is made up of the numbers 0 and 1.

The gas now emits photons () containing quantum information. The light is sent on to the other gas container and the is now read from the light and registered by a detector. The signal from the detector is sent back to the first container and the direction of the atoms' electrons are adjusted in relation to the signal. This completes the from the second to the first container.

Daniel Salart Subils, Postdoc and Ph.D. student Heng Shen, University of Copenhagen, are working on the experiments in the Quantum Optics Lab at the Niels Bohr Institute. Credit: Ola Jakup Joensen, Niels Bohr Institute

The experiments are carried out at room temperature and the gas atoms therefore move at a speed of 200 meters per second in the , so they are constantly bumping into the glass wall and thus lose the information they have just been encoded with. But the research group has developed a solution for this.

"We use a coating of a kind of paraffin on the interior of the glass contains and it causes the to not lose their coding, even if they bump into the glass wall," explains Professor Eugene Polzik. It sounds like an easy solution, but in reality it was complicated to develop the method.

Another element of the experiment was to develop the detector that registers the photons. Here the researchers developed a particularly sensitive detector that is very effective at detecting the photons. The experiments therefore works every single time.

But it is one thing to perform tests in a laboratory and quite another to apply it in wider society! In the experiment, the teleportation's range is ½ meter – hardly impressive in a world where information must be transported around the world in no time.

"The range of ½ meter is entirely due to the size of the laboratory," explains Eugene Polzik with a big smile and continues – "we could increase the range if we had the space and, in principle, we could teleport information, for example, to a satellite."

The stable results are an important step towards the quantum communication network of the future.

Explore further: Quantum holograms as atomic scale memory keepsake

More information: www.nature.com/nphys/journal/v… /full/nphys2631.html

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User comments : 8

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holoman
1.7 / 5 (6) Jun 06, 2013
Quantum Technology is taking off.

Might want to visit http://www.coloss...gled.htm
Ober
not rated yet Jun 07, 2013
Quantum Technology is taking off.

Might want to visit http://www.coloss...gled.htm


You might want to visit that site if you want to get a computer VIRUS you mean.
What isn't Collosal into?? Warp drives, instant communication CD ROM drives, anti-matter waste disposal... come on man, what a load of bollocks!!
Bigbobswinden
not rated yet Jun 08, 2013
Is this teleportation or information transmission at the speed of light? I have always thought of teleportation as instantaneous.
ValeriaT
1 / 5 (2) Jun 08, 2013
It looks rather like the mutual interference during levitation of atoms inside of beam of light for me, i.e. the analogy of experiment with sound waves. In such case the interaction mediated with speed of light would give some meaning.
We use a coating of a kind of paraffin on the interior of the glass contains and it causes the gas atoms to not lose their coding
But this arrangement excludes the possibility of optical wave coupling, because the wax coating will disrupt all interference.
ValeriaT
1 / 5 (2) Jun 08, 2013
The preprint is here, the speed of teleportation was not actually measured, only reliability (a fidelity of teleporation).
ValeriaT
1 / 5 (2) Jun 08, 2013
Here you can find few photos from above experiment.
antialias_physorg
3 / 5 (2) Jun 09, 2013
Is this teleportation or information transmission at the speed of light?

It's information transmission at the speed of light - which is used to entangel entities.
Information transmission is (or at the very least strongly seems to) be limited to the speed of light.

The cool thing (or rather the opposite) is that this was done at room temperature with thigh repeatability.
maxxon
not rated yet Jun 11, 2013
From what I understood, information transfer is instantaneous and can't be blocked. But this states that it can be put in a satellite which seems to indicate that it can be blocked (or why bother putting it in a satellite?)

Does anyone have more info on this?