Plants in space

Oct 10, 2012

How plants handle stress in space and what astronauts can learn from them is the subject of a new study at Michigan State University.

Federica Brandizzi, Michigan State University , will use a grant from the to shed light on how plants and humans can adapt to handle the stress of long-term .

"I've always been fascinated with NASA and space exploration," Brandizzi said. "Knowing that my research could contribute to the potential of a future with sustainable life in space makes my work quite rewarding."

From earlier research, Brandizzi has identified a pathway in plants that plays a key role in plants' ability to adapt to stress and continue to grow. Inside cells are organelles that communicate with the nucleus. When the organelles need protein – necessary for building important cell materials – they signal to the nucleus to send it their way; growth stops when this signaling doesn't happen.

One key master regulator of this process is governed by a multifunctional protein called IRE1. To better study the pathway's impact on growth, the Brandizzi lab isolated Arabidopsis mutants without a fully functional IRE1 pathway. These offer excellent insight into how larger organisms, such as humans, endure and survive growth stress.

Brandizzi will travel to the to prepare a crew of these plants to spend time on in flight. The launch is tentatively scheduled for July 2014. While Brandizzi won't escape the surly bonds of Earth, she will ready her plants and develop protocols for the flight crew to follow. Upon reentry, the samples will be returned to Brandizzi's lab to be tested.

"Being launched into space and living in zero- or low-gravity is stressful for plants and humans," Brandizzi said. "I believe we'll see what genes govern , find out what turns them off and on, and gain insight on how to control these signals so stress levels can be better managed while in space."

Explore further: Unlocking lignin for sustainable biofuel

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Unlocking lignin for sustainable biofuel

8 hours ago

Turning trees, grass, and other biomass into fuel for automobiles and airplanes is a costly and complex process. Biofuel researchers are working to change that, envisioning a future where cellulosic ethanol, ...

Scientists develop free, online genetic research tool

9 hours ago

Technology rapidly is advancing the study of genetics and the search for causes of major diseases. Analysis of genomic sequences that once took days or months now can be performed in a matter of hours. Yet, ...

Why do strawberries taste so good?

18 hours ago

Each year, spectators at the Wimbledon tennis tournament get through a whopping 30 tons of strawberries in the course of a summer fortnight. It is no wonder that the association between Wimbledon and strawberries ...

Investigators insert large DNA sequence into mammalian cells

Jul 06, 2015

For the first time, researchers have used a simplified technique derived from a defense mechanism evolved by bacteria and other single-celled organisms to successfully insert a large DNA sequence into a predetermined genomic ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.