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Researchers report new solid contact, ion-selective electrodes

Researchers report new solid contact, ion-selective electrodes
The transduction mechanism of CunS-50 participating in potentiometric response. Credit: Liu Zihao

A research team led by Prof. Huang Xingjiu from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences constructed a highly stable solid contact calcium ion-selective electrode. They used synchrotron radiation technique to reveal the transduction mechanism by which the solid contact layer participated in the potential response.

The results

were published in Analytical Chemistry.

Solid contact (SC) ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) are widely used in

and biomedical fields due to their fast response and high sensitivity. Stability is an important criterion in evaluating the performance of SC-ISEs. The capacitance and hydrophobicity of SC materials affect the potential stability. Therefore, researchers have focused on designing SC materials with large capacitance and high hydrophobicity and exploring the corresponding transduction mechanism.

In this work, a special sensor SC-ISEs was developed using copper sulfide (CunS-50) nanoflowers. The sensor has large capacitance and high hydrophobicity. Also, the sensor can accurately and reliably detect (Ca2+).

The nanoflowers were synthesized by modification with surfactant. This modification not only made the nanoflowers more water repellent, but also enhanced their ability to store and release electrical charge.

The researchers also explained the transduction mechanism. The lipophilic anion participated in the of Cu+/Cu2+ and promoted the generation of free electrons during the potentiometric response.

This work provides a deeper understanding of the transduction mechanism behind the potentiometric response and offers a new idea for the design of redox materials.

More information: Zi-Hao Liu et al, Highly Stable Solid Contact Calcium Ion-Selective Electrodes: Rapid Ion–Electron Transduction Triggered by Lipophilic Anions Participating in Redox Reactions of CunS Nanoflowers, Analytical Chemistry (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.4c00590

Journal information: Analytical Chemistry

Citation: Researchers report new solid contact, ion-selective electrodes (2024, June 1) retrieved 14 July 2024 from
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