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A faster, cheaper way to synthesize diabetes and weight loss drugs like semaglutide

Reducing the global shortage of diabetes and weight loss drug Semaglutide
Credit: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.4c00093

Semaglutide is part of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor targeting family of peptide drugs which are mainly used to treat diabetes but are difficult and expensive to make.

An international team of researchers led by Professor Akhter Hossain at the Florey has developed a new faster and cheaper method to synthesize GLP-1 receptor targeting drugs.

Professor Hossain, Head of The Florey's Insulin Peptide Laboratory, said the discovery published today as the cover article of the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry could mean cost-effective and high-scale production in the future.

"Semaglutide has proven to be more efficient than other anti-obesity drugs, in terms of weight loss and safety, and this has led to it being in short supply," Professor Hossain said.

"We set out to develop an improved and cost-efficient synthetic process for making a potential new drug to target the GLP-1 receptor. Semaglutide has a very 'hydrophobic' component in its structure, meaning it's not easily dissolved in water and thus challenging to manufacture."

The team used a called "," which differs to the "lipidation" process used to make semaglutide, to make an analog of GLP-1 that is "hydrophilic" and much more easily dissolved.

"Glycosylation resulted in 10-fold higher yields compared with semaglutide," Professor Hossain said.

Postdoctoral researcher in Professor Hossain's laboratory, Dr. Chaitra Chandrashekar, said it was exciting to be involved in research that could lead to benefit millions of people in the future.

"Our short term experiments in animal models showed our potential performed as semaglutide would. It significantly lowered and promoted enhanced glucose disposal," Dr. Chandrashekar said.

"The method we've developed has fewer chemical steps and better yield than the current process for making semaglutide. Although more research is needed, it appears to be a way to rapidly and easily synthesize new drugs like semaglutide, while retaining their major therapeutic benefits for blood glucose control," she said.

More information: Chaitra Chandrashekar et al, Engineering of a Biologically Active Glycosylated Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Analogue, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.4c00093

Provided by Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health

Citation: A faster, cheaper way to synthesize diabetes and weight loss drugs like semaglutide (2024, March 12) retrieved 21 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-03-faster-cheaper-diabetes-weight-loss.html
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