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Research progress in thermal expansion characteristics of TATB-based polymer bonded explosives

Research progress in thermal expansion characteristics of TATB-based polymer bonded explosives
Irreversible thermal expansion in tatb based pbxs. Credit: Cong-mei Lin, et al

Under complex temperature variations, the irreversible thermal expansion of polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs) containing 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) leads to diminished shape stability. This, in turn, directly impacts the mechanical properties and safety performance during storage and use. In recent years, extensive and thorough research has been conducted to investigate the thermal expansion characteristics of TATB-based explosives.

In a study published in Energetic Materials Frontiers, a group of researchers from China explored the distinctive crystal structure of TAT and the thermal expansion mechanism of TATB-based PBXs. Additionally, they summarized the microstructural evolution during the thermal expansion process and analyzed the consequential effects of thermal expansion on the overall performance of these explosives.

"More attention was paid to the influencing factors of thermal expansion and control methods. Evidently, designing a new structure of negative thermal expansion binding system, through the design of negative thermal expansion polymers or fillers and positive expansion TATB crystals, can reduce the linear expansion coefficient of PBXs," explained the study's lead author, Cong-mei Lin. "This approach not only suppresses material thermal expansion but also holds broad application prospects."

Notably, suppressing the irreversible thermal expansion of TATB-based PBXs and improving the shape stability of the explosive under a temperature cycling environment is essential. However, effectively suppressing the thermal expansion of TATB-based PBXs remains a challenge.

"Going forward, we need to focus on the irreversible expansion mechanism of TATB-based PBXs; TATB crystal structure design and control; the design and development of new structural-functional integrated polymers; and the application of new negative thermal expansion functional materials."

The authors believe that the development of the structural design of TATB and binder systems and the application of harmful thermal expansion will bring new opportunities to suppress the thermal expansion of TATB-based PBXs and enrich the modification techniques of energetic composites.

More information: Cong-mei Lin et al, Research progress in thermal expansion characteristics of TATB based polymer bonded explosives, Energetic Materials Frontiers (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.enmf.2023.09.003

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Citation: Research progress in thermal expansion characteristics of TATB-based polymer bonded explosives (2023, December 11) retrieved 16 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-12-thermal-expansion-characteristics-tatb-based-polymer.html
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