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High-severity wildfires threaten global timber production, new study finds

High-severity wildfires threaten global timber production
Global patterns of timber-producing forest loss through stand-replacing wildfires. a–f, Hotspots of severe burning in timber-producing forests (a,b), total area (c,d) and proportion (e,f) of forestry land severely burned nationally between 2001 and 2021, using the map of global forest management (a,c,e) by Lesiv et al and the map of forest loss due to forestry (b,d,f) by Curtis et al. In a and b, areas of warmer red represent increasing burn, blue represents areas where logging occurs but wildfires did not or were limited (<1,000 ha per cell) and grey represents areas where logging is not prevalent. The western USA and Canada, northeastern Russia, southeastern Australia and Brazil suffered particularly high losses of timber-producing forest to wildfire, while much of Central and northern Europe, and parts of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, experienced limited wildfire-induced losses. Credit: Nature Geoscience (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41561-023-01323-y

Severe wildfires are putting global timber production at risk, new research from The Australian National University (ANU), the University of Sheffield and the University of Cambridge shows.

The research team analyzed data from 2001 to 2021 and found 18.5 to 24.7 million hectares of timber-producing forest, an area equivalent to the size of Great Britain, has been lost to wildfires across the globe in the last two decades.

The researchers warn wildfires caused a loss of approximately 393 to 667 million cubic meters of industrial timber worth $45 to 77 billion based on 2021 global export prices. The findings are published in the journal Nature Geoscience.

According to lead author Dr. Chris Bousfield from the University of Sheffield, the regions most severely impacted include Australia, the western United States of America and Canada, Siberian Russia and Brazil.

"Countries such as Australia, who have already lost a large proportion of their total timber-producing forests this century, are now likely to see significant shortfalls in their domestic timber supply," Dr. Bousfiled said.

"This begs the question of where the additional timber needed to meet demand will be sourced from, and at what cost to the environment."

Co-author Professor David Lindenmayer from ANU and the Biodiversity Council said, "What's particularly concerning is the discernible and relentless upward trajectory in annual burned areas—a clear sign of the growing -induced losses anticipated due to severe climate change.

"As we strive to meet the ever-increasing demand for timber, it is clear that timber producers must urgently adapt by adopting innovative management strategies and new technology to counter the escalating threat posed by wildfires."

The researchers argue governments and industry must do four things to secure future timber production.

  1. Expand timber production through fast-growing plantations of less-flammable tree species.
  2. Establish plantations in regions that are less likely to burn.
  3. Better design plantations to reduce fire spread across landscapes and damage and risk to human communities.
  4. Embrace emerging technologies such as infrared-sensing drones and autonomous firefighting systems to enhance wildfire detection and suppression.

"Failure to implement these approaches could lead to significant future timber losses, potentially resulting in higher prices," senior author Professor David Edwards from Cambridge University said.

"This, in turn, may increase the economic attractiveness of intensive logging in some , posing a threat to in biodiversity hotspots."

More information: Christopher G. Bousfield et al, Substantial and increasing global losses of timber-producing forest due to wildfires, Nature Geoscience (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41561-023-01323-y

Journal information: Nature Geoscience

Citation: High-severity wildfires threaten global timber production, new study finds (2023, November 14) retrieved 28 February 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-high-severity-wildfires-threaten-global-timber.html
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