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Climate tipping points could be triggered by 'committed warming'

Climate tipping points could be triggered by 'committed warming'
Schematic figure illustrating (a) the main carbon sources and sinks, and with radiative forcing described in terms of an effective CO2e concentration, accounting additionally for non-CO2 greenhouse gases. (b) The conceptual differences between net zero and constant-concentration commitments. In net zero scenarios human emissions are reduced, allowing for the change in radiative forcing to be negative and stabilizing global mean temperature (GMT). In constant concentration scenarios, atmospheric radiative forcing is held constant and GMT continues to rise until equilibrium is reached. (c) The constant concentration scenarios are explored in this study, where we branch off at a given year from the Representative Concentration Pathway emission scenarios, leading to a potentially higher committed temperature than the transient temperature projected for that year. Credit: Earth's Future (2023). DOI: 10.1029/2022EF003250

As the planet warms, climate tipping points, such as the melting of ice sheets or loss of the Amazon rainforest, become increasingly likely.

A net zero approach proposes reducing greenhouse gas where possible and removing or offsetting those that are released. But such a large-scale greenhouse gas removal may be infeasible for a mix of technical, political, economic, environmental, and social reasons. Alternatively, a combination of lowered emissions and natural carbon sinks may allow atmospheric greenhouse gas levels to remain constant.

A new study by Jesse F. Abrams and colleagues published in Earth's Future examines committed global warming, or warming that continues after are held constant until a new thermal balance is achieved. It's a bit like how turning a running faucet from hot to cold doesn't immediately change the temperature of the water, because there is still hot water in the pipeline.

The authors present three scenarios for how the could rise and trigger tipping point events. One represents an increased use of fossil fuels, another represents rapidly reaching , and a third closely matches the current trajectory.

In 2015, the Paris Agreement established a goal to limit to 1.5°C above preindustrial levels by the end of the century. According to the researchers' modeling, if atmospheric radiative forcing is kept constant at present levels, there is an 83% chance of exceeding 1.5°C and a 55% chance of exceeding 2.0°C during the temporary committed warming phase.

In the scenario that best matches the current trajectory, the findings also estimate that six tipping points will be crossed by 2100. Without a net zero plan in place, the results demonstrate that temperatures may climb by about 2.7°C by 2100. The authors suggest a swift adoption of net zero policies and emission cuts to avoid these catastrophic scenarios, which would wreak havoc on Earth's residents and ecosystems.

More information: Jesse F. Abrams et al, Committed Global Warming Risks Triggering Multiple Climate Tipping Points, Earth's Future (2023). DOI: 10.1029/2022EF003250

Journal information: Earth's Future

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Citation: Climate tipping points could be triggered by 'committed warming' (2023, November 13) retrieved 19 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-11-climate-triggered-committed.html
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