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Coral colony size, shape impact marine complexity, health

Coral colony size, shape impact marine complexity, health
UH Hilo graduate student Sofia Ferreira collects coral reef data using photogrammetry techniques. Credit: Jeff Kuwabara

Every curve and every angle of a coral colony holds the key to sustaining an array of marine species, according to University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo public impact research. UH Hilo graduate student Sofia Ferreira led a study published in Nature on predicting how coral reefs in Guam influence habitat complexity.

Ferreira, who hails from Paraguay, and from UH Hilo analyzed data collected from overseas in UH Hilo's Multiscale Environmental Graphical Analysis Laboratory, or MEGA Lab, which specializes in the study of .

"Underneath the shimmering waves, coral reefs flourish as underwater cities, carefully designed by nature's architects, corals themselves," said Ferreira. "Much like architects design unique houses for different people, corals create diverse habitats and refuge for the ocean's inhabitants. This diversity within coral refuges is the foundation to the health and resilience of coral reef ecosystems."

Ferreira worked on the study alongside researchers at MEGA Lab. She is enrolled in the UH Hilo's tropical conservation biology and environmental science program and earned a bachelor of science in and certificate in from UH Hilo in 2022.

Reef city

Ferreira's teams' research sought to determine how the design of each coral home shapes a "reef city." Using high-tech underwater cameras, Ferreira and fellow MEGA Lab researchers mapped 208 coral reef sites surrounding the island of Guam.

The team used 3D photogrammetry techniques to survey the plots. From these reef maps, more than 12,000 corals were individually assessed, capturing their size and growth shape. The innovative study found that every curve and every angle of a coral colony holds the key to sustaining an array of marine species.

Coral colony size, shape impact marine complexity, health
(a) Example of 1-cm raster resolution 2D orthomosaic with a 2 × 2-m plot overlaid in ArcMap. (b) Example of individual coral colony observed within the plot. Credit: Scientific Reports (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-38138-1

Coral conclusions

According to the study, the authors concluded that the traits of coral colony size and morphology are strong predictors of habitat complexity in Guam's reefs and should be included in coral reef monitoring programs.

Ferreira explained that coral reefs, the lifelines of coastal and island communities, are facing escalating threats from both local and global stressors. "[Our] findings offer a glimpse of hope, casting light on the inner workings of these vital ecosystems."

The research team hopes the study can offer vital insights and a foundation for future research to assess the overall impact fluctuation reef habitats can have on -associated organisms under climate change.

More information: Sofia B. Ferreira et al, Prediction of habitat complexity using a trait-based approach on coral reefs in Guam, Scientific Reports (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-38138-1

Journal information: Scientific Reports , Nature

Citation: Coral colony size, shape impact marine complexity, health (2023, September 20) retrieved 1 December 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2023-09-coral-colony-size-impact-marine.html
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