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Novel single crystals show promising electric field control of magnetism

Novel single crystals show promising electric field control of magnetism
High resolution X-ray diffraction patterns at in-situ applied electric fields, corresponding variation of lattice spaces with applied electric fields, and variation of magnetization at different electric fields and temepratures for the 0.58BiFeO3-0.42Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 single crystal. Credit: Yin Lihua

A research team led by associate Prof. Yin Lihua from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has demonstrated a clear control of magnetism at low electric fields (E) at room temperature. The E-induced phase transformation and lattice distortion were found to lead to the E control of magnetism in multiferroic BiFeO3-based solid solutions near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB). The study was published in Acta Materialia.

Multiferroic materials, with magnetic and ferroelectric properties, are promising for multifunctional memory devices. Magnetoelectric-based control methods in insulating require less energy and have potential for high-speed, low-power information storage applications. BiFeO3 is a room-temperature multiferroic material with potential for use in spintronics devices, but its weak ferromagnetic and magnetoelectric effects and required for manipulation are weaknesses.

In this study, the researchers grew single crystals of the multiferroic 0.58BiFeO3-0.42Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 (BF-BKT), which lies in the tetragonal region adjacent to the MPB.

"Below the NĂ©el temperature, TN~257.5 K, the BF-BKT crystals showed antiferromagnetic behavior," said Yin, "and at room temperature, we found that the BF-BKT crystals exhibited both short-range magnetic order and long-range ferroelectric order."

At , the multiferroic BF-BKT single crystals exhibited substantial and consistent control of magnetism with E, where the magnitude of E was significantly smaller than the ferroelectric coercive field.

In addition, high magnetic fields (H) could significantly reduce the degree of E control over magnetism.

It was found that the coupling between magnetism and ferroelectricity in the BF-BKT material can be attributed to both lattice distortion and phase transformation induced by an external E, rather than just ferroelectric domain switching. At high values of H, the converse magnetoelectric effect is weakened due to the suppression of phase transformation caused by the .

These results suggest that designing devices based on multiferroics near the MPB could be an effective way to achieve E control of magnetism and even possible low-E switching of for low-power spintronic applications.

More information: Li-Hua Yin et al, Control of magnetism at low electric fields in multiferroic 0.58BiFeO3-0.42Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 single crystal near morphotropic phase boundary, Acta Materialia (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119044

Journal information: Acta Materialia

Citation: Novel single crystals show promising electric field control of magnetism (2023, June 13) retrieved 10 December 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2023-06-crystals-electric-field-magnetism.html
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