Research team discovers atomic configuration of two-atomic-layer-thick paraelectric materials

Research team discovers atomic configuration of two-atomic-layer-thick paraelectric materials
Energy cost of moving one atomic layer onto another. Credit: Salvador Barraza-Lopez

A team of researchers including scientists from the U of A's Department Physics have discovered the atomic configuration of two-atom-thick paraelectric materials.

"Ferroelectric materials are all around us, most commonly within capacitors in our cellphones, televisions and any other electronic device," said Salvador Barraza-Lopez, associate professor of physics and theory lead for the team.

"Ferroelectric materials possess an intrinsic electric dipole moment that can be switched by electric fields," he added. "When ferroelectric materials are warmed up, their intrinsic dipole moment becomes quenched until it becomes zero at a so-called critical temperature. At even higher temperatures, those materials are called paraelectric."

Barraza-Lopez said there is an ongoing effort to deploy that are a few atoms thick, and a team at Columbia University demonstrated a paraelectric transition on materials known as transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers earlier this year.

"They did not say, however, how atoms must reaccommodate to achieve such paraelectric configuration," he said.

So Barraza-Lopez led a collaboration among theory groups at the U of A and Montana State University to help understand how atoms arrange as they turn from a ferroelectric configuration onto a paraelectric one, and what they found turned out to be rather unusual.

"Typically, a paraelectric configuration is one in which turn onto a structure with a higher symmetry," Barraza-Lopez said. "For example, a ferroelectric material with a rectangular structure turns into a paraelectric square."

For the materials being studied, however, the team was unable to find a paraelectric phase.

"What we observed instead was that the putative paraelectric behavior is rather a time average of a ferroelectric configurations swapping among two polarization states as time goes by," said Barraza-Lopez, adding that these results were recently published in the journal Nano Letters.

More information: Juan M. Marmolejo-Tejada et al, Slippery Paraelectric Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide Bilayers, Nano Letters (2022). DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c03373

Journal information: Nano Letters

Citation: Research team discovers atomic configuration of two-atomic-layer-thick paraelectric materials (2022, October 19) retrieved 9 February 2023 from
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