Majority of Gen Z unaware of how meat consumption impacts climate

Majority of Gen Z unaware of how meat consumption impacts climate
Participants were asked about the main contributors to climate change. Image: Dr Diana Bogueva. Credit: University of Sydney

A survey of young Australians by a University of Sydney researcher found that while the majority believe climate change is anthropogenic—caused by humans—fewer than half understand the impact of livestock and meat consumption.

Generation Z—those born after 1995—overwhelmingly believe that is being caused by humans and activities like the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and waste. But only a third understand how livestock and are contributing to emissions, a new study by the University of Sydney and Curtin University researchers has revealed.

The researchers say this result comes despite estimates that over a quarter of the world's emissions are linked to meat and , calling for greater awareness among young people.

Led by Dr. Diana Bogueva in the Center for Advanced Food Engineering and School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Sydney, the researchers conducted an online survey of Australian participants between the ages of 18 and 26 in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Canberra and Adelaide.

Participants were asked about the main contributors to climate change. Overwhelmingly, 85% stated that coal, fossil fuels and other unsustainable forms of energy contributed the most. This was followed by deforestation and biodiversity loss (59%), plastic, rubbish and (58%), consumption and lifestyle practices—such as goods and services (55%), transport (54%), large industry (53%) and (45%).

Although almost two-thirds nominated deforestation as the main contributor to climate change, just over a third (38%) believed livestock and agriculture (including meat consumption and unsustainable animal farming practices) to be the main contributor.

The United Nations has estimated that has driven almost 90% of the world's deforestation. Other sources estimate three-quarters of deforestation is driven by agriculture, with most production coming from the beef, palm oil, soy and logging industries.

"Young people will be most impacted by climate change, and already they are paying the price for historic emissions," said lead researcher Dr. Diana Bogueva.

"A steep reduction in emissions will be required to curb climate change, so it is vital our future decision-makers understand which activities contribute most and make informed choices."

The study also found that Generation Z does not generally engage with food provenance (where their food originates from) and most do not pay attention to food labeling.

Dr. Bogueva said, "There is a clear disconnect at play—while is high on the Gen Z radar, the nexus between climate change and food is yet to be properly understood by young Australians."

Professor Dora Marinova said, "A plant-based or flexitarian diet is a powerful way to curb emissions. All it requires is for someone to make a switch to more considered choices—and they can make that change today."

"Without urgent changes to Generation Z's food choices, now and in the future, meat consumption and livestock production will continue to drive global emissions, and I don't think that's a future young people want," said Dr. Bogueva.

The research was published in Animals. Professor Marinova and Dr. Bogueva also recently published the book Food in a Planetary Emergency, which explores how global food production and consumption are impacting the environment and contributing to emissions, offering a positive, sustainable way forward.

More information: Diana Bogueva et al, Australian Generation Z and the Nexus between Climate Change and Alternative Proteins, Animals (2022). DOI: 10.3390/ani12192512

Citation: Majority of Gen Z unaware of how meat consumption impacts climate (2022, September 26) retrieved 7 December 2022 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

How food choices can help the planet


Feedback to editors