Soil temperature drives nitric oxide emission

forest soil
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Nitric oxide (NO) is a major contributor to atmospheric pollution, and forest soil is an important source of NO emission. However, there are great uncertainties in global forest soil NO emission due to lack of high-frequency NO emission measurements.

During the period of augmented nitrogen (N) deposition, forest NO emission has been ignored in the past few decades in Northeast China.

To quantify the NO emission from forest soils and to find out its controlling factors, Prof. Fang Yunting's team from the Institute of Applied Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has conducted a long-term and automated soil NO measurement experiment in Qingyuan Forest, Northeast China.

They found the mean annual soil NO emission was 0.42 ± 0.04 kg N ha-1 from the study forest.

Through the compilation of four empirical models (Temperature model, -filled pore space model, Q10=2 theoretical model and the interactive model of temperature and WFPS), they demonstrated that temperature was the most important factor in the daily emission scale. Temperature regulated NO emission with a significant exponential relationship and explained more than 70% variation of daily NO emission with the apparent temperature sensitivity of 3.67.

They also found that NO emission was also promoted by (WFPS) after longer drought in the growing seasons.

This study provides a better mechanistic understanding of forest soil NO emission in Northeast China, which can help develop more accurate N biogeochemical models and improve the accuracy of soil NO emission in global estimation.

The study entitled "A strong temperature dependence of soil emission from a temperate in Northeast China" was published in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.


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More information: Kai Huang et al, A strong temperature dependence of soil nitric oxide emission from a temperate forest in Northeast China, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109035
Citation: Soil temperature drives nitric oxide emission (2022, July 8) retrieved 26 September 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-07-soil-temperature-nitric-oxide-emission.html
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