Study: Drought is rising in Europe

 A new scientific discovery: Drought is rising in Europe
Decadal changes in onset and propagation of compound warm season events. (A) Ratio of average duration of deficit P versus excessive PET during drought events. (B) Hydroclimatic variables associated to drought onset, described as the fraction of drought events per decade initiated by precipitation (P), PET, and both (P and PET). Initiation is determined when there is precipitation deficit or excessive PET in the month that the drought event started. (C) Relative duration of each drought type. The relative duration is estimated by dividing the duration under meteorological, hydrological, and agricultural droughts by the total duration of each event. The mean of the duration fraction is presented per year and type of drought. Credit: Science Advances. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb9668

A new study from the Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CZU), Faculty of Environmental Sciences, has found that the rise of compound warm-season droughts in Europe is a dynamic, developing phenomenon.

Drought is one of the main threats to food security and ecosystem productivity. In recent decades, Europe has experienced a series of droughts that caused substantial socioeconomic losses and environmental impacts. The scientists from CZU asked whether there are similar characteristics in these droughts, especially when compared to the droughts that occurred further in the past. Answering this question is impossible with traditional single-index approaches, and research additionally suffers from short-term and often spatially inconsistent records.

The scientists have used a multidimensional, machine-learning-based clustering and the hydrologic reconstruction of European . They determined the dominant drought types and investigated the changes in drought typology. They report a substantial increase in shorter warm-season droughts that are concurrent with an increase in potential evapotranspiration. If such shifts persist, "then we will need new adaptive water management policies and, in the long run, we may observe considerable alterations in vegetation regimes and ecosystem functioning," says principal researcher Dr. Yannis Markonis.

The researchers add that the rise of compound warm-season droughts in Europe is a dynamic, developing phenomenon. It has already affected ecosystem functioning and economic growth. A question that remains to be answered is whether this type of drought event will persist and become a common feature of European hydroclimate. The in hydrological variables derived by scientists' analysis support that this should be anticipated to occur. In this case, compound warm-season droughts will further increase agricultural water demand, affect vegetation, and enhance the probability of firestorms.

But the complexity of the drought phenomena should neither be underestimated nor be oversimplified. Long-term hydrological modeling coupled with data-driven classification provides a promising framework that comes with certain limitations and assumptions. Despite the constraints, the emerging pattern presented in their study is a crucial first step in understanding how the drought has changed in the past decades and in establishing new adaptive water management policies to mitigate the risks of future hydroclimatic hazards.

The study, "The rise of compound warm-season droughts in Europe," is published in Science Advances.

More information: Yannis Markonis et al, The rise of compound warm-season droughts in Europe, Science Advances (2021). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abb9668

Journal information: Science Advances

Citation: Study: Drought is rising in Europe (2021, August 12) retrieved 17 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2021-08-drought-europe.html
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