'Fish DJ' tackles fish hearing
A 'Fish DJ' at The University of Queensland has used her knowledge of cool beats to understand brain networks and hearing in baby fish.
The DJ-turned-researcher used her acoustic experience to design a speaker system for zebrafish larvae and discovered that their hearing is considerably better than originally thought.
Ph.D. candidate Rebecca Poulsen from the Queensland Brain Institute said that combining this new speaker system with whole-brain imaging showed how larvae can hear a range of different sounds they would encounter in the wild.
"For many years my music career has been in music production and DJ-ing—I've found underwater acoustics to be a lot more complicated than air frequencies," Ms Poulsen said.
"It is very rewarding to be using the acoustic skills I learnt in my undergraduate degree, and in my music career, to overcome the challenge of delivering sounds to our zebrafish in the lab.
"I designed the speaker to adhere to the chamber the larvae are in, so all the sound I play is accurately received by the larvae, with no loss through the air."
Ms Poulsen said people did not often think about underwater hearing, but it was crucial for fish survival—to escape predators, find food and communicate with each other.
Ms Poulsen worked with Associate Professor Ethan Scott, who specializes in the neural circuits and behavior of sensory processing, to study the zebrafish and find out how their neurons work together to process sounds.
The tiny size of the zebrafish larvae allows researchers to study their entire brain under a microscope and see the activity of each brain cell individually.
The researchers are testing different sounds to see if the fish can discriminate between single frequencies, white noise, short sharp sounds and sound with a gradual crescendo of volume.
These sounds include components of what a fish would hear in the wild, like running water, other fish swimming past, objects hitting the surface of the water and predators approaching.
"Conventional thinking is that fish larvae have rudimentary hearing, and only hear low-frequency sounds, but we have shown they can hear relatively high-frequency sounds and that they respond to several specific properties of diverse sounds," Dr. Scott said.
"This raises a host of questions about how their brains interpret these sounds and how hearing contributes to their behavior."
Ms Poulsen has played many types of sounds to the larvae to see which parts of their brains light up, but also some music—including MC Hammer's "U Can't Touch This"— that even MC Hammer himself enjoyed.
This research is published in Current Biology.
More information: Current Biology (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.01.103
Journal information: Current Biology
Provided by University of Queensland