Stabilizing sulfur cathode by single Li-ion channel polymer binder

Stabilizing sulfur cathode by single Li-ion channel polymer binder
(A) Schematic diagrams of the formation of the polymer with the single-ion channels. (B) Schematic diagrams of single-ion channels regulate the polysulfide and Li-ion hopping. Credit: ©Science China Press

The growing demands on high-performance energy-storage system for emerging technologies such as electric vehicles and artificial intelligence drive the development of high-performance batteries. As a promising candidate of next-generation batteries, Li-S batteries have been drawn much attention carrying a high specific capacity (1675 mAh g-1) and energy density (2600 Wh kg-1). However, the diffusion of polysulfide in electrolytes cause changes in the structure of the sulfur cathode during discharge-charge cycles, which greatly limits the commercial applications of Li-S batteries.

Polymer binder, as an essential component of electrodes, acts to bond the active material and is related to the performance of batteries. Unfortunately, the conventional binder has failed to meet the requirements of emerging batteries. For example, the PVDF binder exhibits low ionic conductivity of Li-ions, poor mechanical stability, and almost none inhibition on the shuttle of polysulfide, these factors limit the applications of Li-S batteries. Therefore, an ideal binder which overcomes the drawback of conventional binders is urgently needed for Li-S batteries.

In new research published in the Beijing-based National Science Review, scientists at the Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials Innovations for Lithium-sulfur Batteries in Suzhou, China present the latest advances in Single Lithium-ion Channel Polymer Binder for Li-S batteries. Co-authors Chaoqun Niu, Jie Liu, Xiaowei Shen, Jinqiu Zhou, Tao Qian and Chenglin Yan report a novel polymer binder with single lithium-ions channels allowing fast lithium-ions transport while blocking the shuttle of polysulfide anions. This study reports a new avenue to assemble a polymer binder with single lithium-ion channel for solving the serious problem of energy attenuation of Li-S batteries.

These scientists confirmed the effect of the prepared polymer binder on Li-S batteries by monitoring polysulfide concentration in the electrolyte and device capacity retention in real time during the cycle. "The polymer binder is confirmed to effectively immobilize the shuttle effect of polysulfide intermediates by the in-situ UV-vis measurement." "Moreover, the excellent adhesion and mechanical stability of prepared binder maintain the structural integrity of the sulfide cathode after discharge-charge cycles. These results demonstrate that the promising improvement of Li-S batteries by the prepared binder, and we believe the reported polymer binder with single Li-ion channels is one of the most effective strategies for the high-energy Li-S batteries."


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More information: Chaoqun Niu et al, Single Lithium–ion Channel Polymer Binder for Stabilizing Sulfur Cathodes, National Science Review (2019). DOI: 10.1093/nsr/nwz149
Citation: Stabilizing sulfur cathode by single Li-ion channel polymer binder (2019, November 22) retrieved 22 January 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2019-11-stabilizing-sulfur-cathode-li-ion-channel.html
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