Axion particle spotted in solid-state crystal

Axion particle spotted in solid-state crystal
The scheme of a Weyl-semimetal-based axion insulator. Credit: Johannes Gooth

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids in Dresden, Princeton University, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have spotted a famously elusive particle: The axion, first predicted 42 years ago as an elementary particle in extensions of the standard model of particle physics. The results of the experiments are published in Nature.

The team found signatures of particles composed of Weyl-type electrons (Weyl fermions) in the correlated Weyl semimetal (TaSe4)2I. At , (TaSe4)2I is a one-dimensional crystal in which is conducted by Weyl fermions. However, by cooling (TaSe4)2I down below -11 degrees C, these Weyl fermions themselves condense into a crystal, a so-called "charge density wave," which distorts the underlying crystal lattice of the atoms. The initially free Weyl fermions are now localized and the initial Weyl semimetal (TaSe4)2I becomes an axion insulator. Similar to the existence of free electrons in metallic atomic crystals, the Weyl semimetal-based charge-density-wave crystal hosts axions that can conduct electrical current. However, such axions behave quite differently from electrons. When exposed to parallel electric and magnetic fields, they produce an anomalous positive contribution to the magnetoelectric conductivity.

Based on predictions from Andrei Bernevig's group at Princeton University, the group of Claudia Felser in Dresden produced the charge density wave Weyl metalloid (TaSe4)2I and investigated the electrical conduction in this material under the influence of electric and magnetic fields. The researchers found that the electric current in this material below -11 degrees C is actually carried by axion particles. "It's very surprising that materials that we think we know are suddenly showing such interesting quantum particles," says Claudia Felser, one of the lead authors of the paper.

Examining the novel properties of axion particles in table-top experiments could allow scientists to better understand the mysterious realm of quantum particles, and open up the field of highly correlated topological materials. "Another building block to my lifelong dream of realizing ideas from astronomic and high-energy physics with table-top experiments in solids," says Johannes Gooth.


Explore further

Chiral zero sound found in Weyl semimetals

More information: J. Gooth et al, Axionic charge-density wave in the Weyl semimetal (TaSe4)2I, Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1630-4
Journal information: Nature

Provided by Max Planck Society
Citation: Axion particle spotted in solid-state crystal (2019, October 8) retrieved 5 April 2020 from https://phys.org/news/2019-10-axion-particle-solid-state-crystal.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
1113 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments