Jumping drops get boost from gravity

Jumping drops get boost from gravity
A droplet returns to a horizontal surface after jumping away. By orienting surfaces vertically, gravity can work with surface tension 'droplet jumping' as the most effective mechanism for moisture removal and heat transfer. Credit: Virginia Tech

A decade ago a new idea was brought into the general scientific community—shedding water from condensers was more efficient by using surface tension to make microscopic water droplets "jump" off the surface. The idea took the research community by storm.

"In the last decade since I discovered the jumping droplets, the debate has been using gravity versus jumping," said Jonathan Boreyko, assistant professor of mechanical engineering in the College of Engineering.

The problem was, because the jumping itself occurs independent of gravity, what happened after the jump wasn't being considered. Five years after his original paper, Boreyko went back to the lab to discover that for efficiency, jumping and gravity should not be mutually exclusive. Now, in a paper published in the journal Joule, Boreyko and doctoral student Ranit Mukherjee began to consider the orientation of the and found that by using vertical condensers, the teaming of and gravity produces a condenser that is at least twice as efficient.

Using superhydrophobic surfaces, which have nano-pillars and a hydrophobic coating, can unleash the power of whenever two or more drops touch and merge together, to jump away from the surface regardless of the orientation of that surface. However, not all droplets make a clean getaway.

"There are some droplets that either fail to jump, or fall back on the surface," Boreyko explained. "Those droplets can then join with others and form a buildup of condensation that coats the condenser and limits its ability to cool. For these larger droplets, where jumping has failed, draining them by gravity would be a great insurance policy."

Historically, condensers were always oriented vertically to allow the water to drain by gravity. However, researchers looking at surface-tension-powered droplets were mostly studying the jumping phenomenon on and not talking about the importance of orientation.

"The research has been so focused on using surface tension to shed droplets instead of gravity, that nobody considered that this wasn't an 'and/or' situation," Boreyko said. "It turns out that surface tension and gravity work far better together than either works on its own."

"What we found illustrates that there is a single, best way to shed moisture from condensers which increases the efficiency of a variety of items including , or anything that requires heat exchange," Mukherjee said.


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More information: Ranit Mukherjee et al. How Surface Orientation Affects Jumping-Droplet Condensation, Joule (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.joule.2019.03.004
Journal information: Joule

Provided by Virginia Tech
Citation: Jumping drops get boost from gravity (2019, May 28) retrieved 22 October 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-boost-gravity.html
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May 28, 2019
This story shows that even really smart people can have "duh" moments of discovery.

May 29, 2019
You would not believe how often that happens. The really cool insights are usually small, small puzzle pieces that finally fall into place.
(...after a lot of hard work that leads up to that point. Anyone who thinks that he could have that 'final epiphany' just like that is fooling himself. You don't get to be the next Einstein without a deep understanding of physics)

After that fact it may seem obvious - but that's just an delusion. If it had been obvious someone would have noticed it before.

May 29, 2019
Or to put it in terms of an old aphorism, hindsight is 20/20.

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