Some black holes erase your past

February 21, 2018 by Robert Sanders, University of California - Berkeley
Some black holes erase your past
Passing through the outer or event horizon of a black hole would be uneventful for a massive black hole. Animation by Andrew Hamilton, based on supercomputer simulation by John Hawley.

In the real world, your past uniquely determines your future. If a physicist knows how the universe starts out, she can calculate its future for all time and all space.

But a UC Berkeley mathematician has found some types of in which this law breaks down. If someone were to venture into one of these relatively benign black holes, they could survive, but their past would be obliterated and they could have an infinite number of possible futures.

Such claims have been made in the past, and physicists have invoked "strong cosmic censorship" to explain it away. That is, something catastrophic – typically a horrible death – would prevent observers from actually entering a region of spacetime where their future was not uniquely determined. This principle, first proposed 40 years ago by physicist Roger Penrose, keeps sacrosanct an idea – determinism – key to any physical theory. That is, given the past and present, the physical laws of the do not allow more than one possible future.

But, says UC Berkeley postdoctoral fellow Peter Hintz, mathematical calculations show that for some specific types of black holes in a universe like ours, which is expanding at an accelerating rate, it is possible to survive the passage from a deterministic world into a non-deterministic black hole.

What life would be like in a space where the future was unpredictable is unclear. But the finding does not mean that Einstein's equations of , which so far perfectly describe the evolution of the cosmos, are wrong, said Hintz, a Clay Research Fellow.

"No physicist is going to travel into a black hole and measure it. This is a math question. But from that point of view, this makes Einstein's equations mathematically more interesting," he said. "This is a question one can really only study mathematically, but it has physical, almost philosophical implications, which makes it very cool."

"This … conclusion corresponds to a severe failure of determinism in general relativity that cannot be taken lightly in view of the importance in modern cosmology" of accelerating expansion, said his colleagues at the University of Lisbon in Portugal, Vitor Cardoso, João Costa and Kyriakos Destounis, and at Utrecht University, Aron Jansen.

As quoted by Physics World, Gary Horowitz of UC Santa Barbara, who was not involved in the research, said that the study provides "the best evidence I know for a violation of strong cosmic censorship in a theory of gravity and electromagnetism."

Hintz and his colleagues published a paper describing these unusual black holes last month in the journal Physical Review Letters.

A reasonably realistic simulation of falling into a black hole shows how space and time are distorted, and how light is blue shifted as you approach the inner or Cauchy horizon, where most physicists think you would be annihilated. However, a UC Berkeley mathematician argues that you could, in fact, survive passage through this horizon. Animation by Andrew Hamilton, based on supercomputer simulation by John Hawley.
Beyond the event horizon

Black holes are bizarre objects that get their name from the fact that nothing can escape their gravity, not even light. If you venture too close and cross the so-called event horizon, you'll never escape.

For small black holes, you'd never survive such a close approach anyway. The tidal forces close to the event horizon are enough to spaghettify anything: that is, stretch it until it's a string of atoms.

But for large black holes, like the supermassive objects at the cores of galaxies like the Milky Way, which weigh tens of millions if not billions of times the mass of a star, crossing the event horizon would be, well, uneventful.

Because it should be possible to survive the transition from our world to the black hole world, physicists and mathematicians have long wondered what that world would look like, and have turned to Einstein's equations of general relativity to predict the world inside a black hole. These equations work well until an observer reaches the center or singularity, where in theoretical calculations the curvature of spacetime becomes infinite.

Even before reaching the center, however, a black hole explorer – who would never be able to communicate what she found to the outside world – could encounter some weird and deadly milestones. Hintz studies a specific type of black hole – a standard, non-rotating black hole with an electrical charge – and such an object has a so-called Cauchy horizon within the .

The Cauchy horizon is the spot where determinism breaks down, where the past no longer determines the future. Physicists, including Penrose, have argued that no observer could ever pass through the Cauchy horizon point because they would be annihilated.

As the argument goes, as an observer approaches the horizon, time slows down, since clocks tick slower in a strong gravitational field. As light, gravitational waves and anything else encountering the black hole fall inevitably toward the Cauchy horizon, an observer also falling inward would eventually see all this energy barreling in at the same time. In effect, all the energy the black hole sees over the lifetime of the universe hits the Cauchy horizon at the same time, blasting into oblivion any observer who gets that far.

A spacetime diagram of the gravitational collapse of a charged spherical star to form a charged black hole. An observer traveling across the event horizon will eventually encounter the Cauchy horizon, the boundary of the region of spacetime that can be predicted from the initial data. Hintz and his colleagues found that a region of spacetime, denoted by a question mark, cannot be predicted from the initial data in a universe with accelerating expansion, like our own. This violates the principle of strong cosmic censorship. Credit: APS/Alan Stonebraker
You can't see forever in an expanding universe

Hintz realized, however, that this may not apply in an expanding universe that is accelerating, such as our own. Because spacetime is being increasingly pulled apart, much of the distant universe will not affect the black hole at all, since that energy can't travel faster than the speed of light.

In fact, the energy available to fall into the black hole is only that contained within the observable horizon: the volume of the universe that the black hole can expect to see over the course of its existence. For us, for example, the observable horizon is bigger than the 13.8 billion light years we can see into the past, because it includes everything that we will see forever into the future. The accelerating expansion of the universe will prevent us from seeing beyond a horizon of about 46.5 billion light years.

In that scenario, the expansion of the universe counteracts the amplification caused by time dilation inside the black hole, and for certain situations, cancels it entirely. In those cases – specifically, smooth, non-rotating black holes with a large electrical charge, so-called Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter black holes – an observer could survive passing through the Cauchy horizon and into a non-deterministic world.

"There are some exact solutions of Einstein's equations that are perfectly smooth, with no kinks, no tidal forces going to infinity, where everything is perfectly well behaved up to this Cauchy horizon and beyond," he said, noting that the passage through the horizon would be painful but brief. "After that, all bets are off; in some cases, such as a Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter black hole, one can avoid the central singularity altogether and live forever in a universe unknown."

Admittedly, he said, charged black holes are unlikely to exist, since they'd attract oppositely charged matter until they became neutral. However, the mathematical solutions for charged black holes are used as proxies for what would happen inside rotating black holes, which are probably the norm. Hintz argues that smooth, rotating black holes, called Kerr-Newman-de Sitter black holes, would behave the same way.

"That is upsetting, the idea that you could set out with an electrically charged star that undergoes collapse to a black hole, and then Alice travels inside this black hole and if the black hole parameters are sufficiently extremal, it could be that she can just cross the Cauchy horizon, survives that and reaches a region of the universe where knowing the complete initial state of the star, she will not be able to say what is going to happen," Hintz said. "It is no longer uniquely determined by full knowledge of the initial conditions. That is why it's very troublesome."

He discovered these types of black holes by teaming up with Cardoso and his colleagues, who calculated how a black hole rings when struck by gravitational waves, and which of its tones and overtones lasted the longest. In some cases, even the longest surviving frequency decayed fast enough to prevent the amplification from turning the Cauchy horizon into a dead zone.

Hintz's paper has already sparked other papers, one of which purports to show that most well-behaved black holes will not violate determinism. But Hintz insists that one instance of violation is one too many.

"People had been complacent for some 20 years, since the mid '90s, that strong cosmological censorship is always verified," he said. "We challenge that point of view."

Explore further: How cold are black holes?

More information: Vitor Cardoso et al. Quasinormal Modes and Strong Cosmic Censorship, Physical Review Letters (2018). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.031103 , On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1711.10502]

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sirdumpalot
3.8 / 5 (4) Feb 21, 2018
An atom falls beyond the even horizon, how does the electron spinning around it keep spinning, if at some point it will have to move away from the even horizon, to stay in orbit around the nucleus? The black hole reaches its first infinity at the event horizon, where for anything with mass, the necessary acceleration to escape the horizon is ∞.. sure general relativity still has a space-time metric inside the even horizon, but why expect quantum mechanical constructs to still be QMing, the way we understand, inside the horizon?
antialias_physorg
4.3 / 5 (11) Feb 21, 2018
An atom falls beyond the even horizon, how does the electron spinning around it keep spinning

This is not how atoms work (what you are thinking of is the Bor model of an atom, which is an oversimplification of what really happens in an atom).
Electrons are found within a certain probability distribution around the nucleus in quantized orbitals (so they can't really move away or closer...at best they can jump from one orbital to another). Note that 'orbital' does not mean a circular orbit.
https://en.wikipe..._orbital

Note also that the electron isn't a 'hard ball-like point' that has a defined place and momentum at each point in time within its orbital. It's a distributed waveform (as can be demonstrated with a double slit experiment)
antialias_physorg
3.5 / 5 (6) Feb 21, 2018
but why expect quantum mechanical constructs to still be QMing, the way we understand, inside the horizon?

QM constructs are probability distributions.
Well...even worse: their *square* are probability densities. What the (unsquared) waveform really signifies is still up for debate.

If you model something like an atom or nucleons as things that are held together by the exchange of gluons and W/Z-bosons then things become tricky, as these would have to travel at superluminal speeds to keep an atom stable inside the event horizon. Whether tunneling is a way around this I don't know (but my gut feeling is that it's not).
EyeNStein
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2018
In the real world, your past uniquely determines your future. If a physicist knows how the universe starts out, she can calculate its future for all time and all space
This opening statement is extraordinarily deterministic in the quantum probabilistic field of Physics of the past 100 years.

However if Dr Robert Spekkens of the Perimeter Institute is correct: There may be an underlying causal reality after all:- https://www.youtu...5m3UMer4

(He interprets psi as 'knowledge' rather than 'reality' and illuminates the inconsistencies of the various QM interpretations. He encompasses Bell's Inequality and may be a couple of mathematical leaps away from a consistent reality)

But then anything may be better than the fudged up holy cow of the Copenhagen interpretation.
cantdrive85
1.7 / 5 (11) Feb 21, 2018
If a physicist knows how the universe starts out, she can calculate its future for all time and all space.

This is pure unadulterated bullshit! The audacity of the Acolytes of the Church of the standard theory is beyond the religionists. What a pathetic display!
sirdumpalot
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2018
The fear of information loss is based on the unprovable belief that everything that has happened or will ever happen is knowable. This belief is as crazy a beliving in God.


'Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it can only change forms', is what the fear of the destruction of information is tied to.
Benni
1 / 5 (8) Feb 21, 2018
Albert Einstein- Oct 1939

On a Stationary System With Spherical Symmetry Consisting of Many Gravitating Masses
Author(s): Albert Einstein Reviewed work(s): Source: The Annals of Mathematics, Second Series, Vol. 40, No. 4 (Oct., 1939), pp. 922-936 Published by: Annals of Mathematics Stable URL:

http://www.cscamm...hild.pdf

The essential result of this investigation is a clear understanding as to why the "Schwarzschild singularities" do not exist in physical reality. Although the theory given here treats only clusters whose particles move along circular paths it does not seem to be subject to reasonable doubt that most general cases will have analogous results. The "Schwarzschild singularity" does not appear for the reason that matter cannot be concentrated arbitrarily. And this is due to the fact that otherwise the constituting particles would reach the velocity of light.

I'll take Einstein's work over this author's.

Merrit
3.5 / 5 (8) Feb 21, 2018
Relatively is only a very good approximation of reality. We already know that it doesn't work at the quantum level and we have no idea if it will actually hold up for Black holes. We do not have a theory of everything yet. This article is nothing more than speculation.
Spaced out Engineer
1 / 5 (2) Feb 21, 2018
Because it should be possible to survive the transition from our world to the black hole world
This is such a BS which just illustrates the complete lack of understanding...


Without an ontology of relational theory, it is worth the investigation. A complete theory would have both outcomes. It is by trying everything is made possible.

Who needs to survive, if close enough representational content could be approximately cloned?
Could we run a program, such as the Halting problem, Godel's Incompleteness theorem, or ourselves on Malament–Hogarth spacetime? After all you can only run it once.

We are finding, what we once thought we astronomical theories, in local substrates.

We can experimentally verify the same mirroring of low dimensialty.

Clearly science is sustained by surprise. So at least Shannon had it right.
julianpenrod
2 / 5 (8) Feb 21, 2018
Among other things, the universe is not accelerating.
Perlmutter's "method" is flawed
He said they found a galaxy determined to be 5 billion light years away, by comparing the Hubble Constant with its red shift. But, then, they claim to have found a Type Ia supernova that, at maximum, was dimmer than expected which "means" it had to be further away than 5 billion light years. But that means it must have a larger red shift than something 5 billion light years away or the Hubble Constant is different. If the galaxy is going faster than expected, why does it still have a relatively low red shift?
But, also, consider, if acceleration began five billion years ago, then it's continuing now. Which means the Hubble Constant would not be Constant nearby, but it is.
julianpenrod
1 / 5 (6) Feb 21, 2018
Also, note the crucial facet where the article says that the "prediction" for such a black hole is based on an"interpretation" of the mathematical formulas utilized.
This is important, since so many are determined to ignore the meaning of a formula and, instead,make physical predictions based solely on it.
If you toss a ball outward and upward from the edge of a cliff, the parabolic formula will indicate that it goes into negative measured space. But it doesn't. It goes below the level of the cliff. And it will not continue forever, it will hit the ground and bounce.
The same is true of the formula they try to say equates matter and energy. Using "relativistic" formulas for the kinetic energy of a moving mass, you get a formula which subtracts the mass times speed of light squared from a total mass like formula. This only means that mass times speed of light squared is the zero starting point for measuring by the formula, not that the mass is energy.
philecrawford
3 / 5 (2) Feb 21, 2018
pardon a lay comment. Heisenberg set a limit on know-ability and Chaos says small initial changes matter. How can the universe be deterministic?
Hyperfuzzy
1 / 5 (7) Feb 21, 2018
Space & Time are only conceptual. Things are because they are and they will be because they will be. Charge is immortal and creates all things and is invisible!
rrwillsj
1 / 5 (2) Feb 21, 2018
What a fun Universe!

Where all the improbabilities are possible.

And all the impossibilities are probable.

And all us hyper-hypotheticaters, are way out in the midst of a vast forest. We all have our faces firmly planted against the trunk of a single tree. With our noses pressed into a knothole. Loudly asserting that what we can see, is all of reality!
granville583762
3.7 / 5 (3) Feb 21, 2018
Gravity is compressing matter to its escape velocity radius the speed of light

The black hole can go no smaller than the escape velocity radius of gravity where the escape velocity is the velocity that gravity travels at, the speed of light. Black holes with their quasars eject matter out their spin axis into the two Fermi bubbles above and below the black hole where stars form from the matter the black hole takes in and ejects out is spin axis. Gravity is compressing matter to its escape velocity radius the speed of light R=2GM/C*. The matter in the black hole goes right its escape velocity radius where the gravity is zero at it its centre of mass, exactly the same as hole through the centre of earth where falling mass is weightless at the earth's core The mass the black hole takes in is broken down to exactly the same constituency as the black hole star of creation. What memory the matter had before, when it passed through the light radius any reminisces of memory is lost.
AllStBob
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2018
"The fear of information loss is based on the unprovable belief that everything that has happened or will ever happen is knowable. "

No, it is based on the operator solution in Quantum Mechanics (and Classical mechanics) being Unitary and hence invertible.
TheGhostofOtto1923
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2018
""strong cosmic censorship" to explain it away. That is, something catastrophic – typically a horrible death – would prevent observers from actually entering a region of spacetime where their future was not uniquely determined. This principle, first proposed 40 years ago by physicist Roger Penrose"

... mystic.

"Quantum mysticism is a set of metaphysical beliefs and associated practices that seek to relate consciousness, intelligence, spirituality, or mystical world-views to the ideas of quantum mechanics and its interpretations."

"Although Oxford mathematician Roger Penrose shared with Stephen Hawking the Wolf Prize for Physics in 1988, Hawking has vigorously opposed the attempts of Penrose to develop an explanation for consciousness from quantum physics (as has also noted physicist and atheist Victor Stenger and philosopher Daniel Dennett)."
idjyit
1 / 5 (1) Feb 21, 2018
I think they have a problem with multiple infinity definitions.
Cool diagram though 8-)
Nonlin_org
1 / 5 (2) Feb 21, 2018
Question:
Wasn't the universe just after the Big Bang a Black Hole? If so, how come it started to expand?
sirdumpalot
1 / 5 (1) Feb 22, 2018
Note also that the electron isn't a 'hard ball-like point' that has a defined place and momentum at each point in time within its orbital. It's a distributed waveform (as can be demonstrated with a double slit experiment)


How can an atom have a probability distribution for an electron orbital that is behind the nucleus, or in front of the nucleus? The issue becomes that the nucleus and the electron have only one directional communication. I wonder what the relational interpretation of QM says about this.
idjyit
1 / 5 (1) Feb 22, 2018
Particle persistence in our Universe can only be explained by Time actually stopping for a given particle.

So for particles to form and persist you have to achieve a T=0 state, after which it will persist indefinitely and can slow down, exchange energy, exhibit gravity, form structures etc etc etc.

At T=0, the past is no longer applicable. All previous energy exchanges are effectively reset because they have been converted into mass.
Varade
1 / 5 (1) Feb 22, 2018
some questions never be questioned that may help in understanding validity of the hypothesis.
1) If nothing else not even light can escape from black hole then why it is interacting with outside word with gravity (provided gravity speed=light speed)?
2) Are we implementing Lorentz transformation hypothesis (and not Einstein one) properly into theory?
3) How we can measure charge inside black hole (not asking about event horizon)? If two charges interacting with virtual photons (speed=c) falling in black hole. As virtual photon will interact with black hole more, the interaction/force between charges should be poor. Is it so? Is charge parity maintained in the black hole?
If we get answer these questions, then we can understand black hole much better.
antialias_physorg
3.4 / 5 (5) Feb 22, 2018
Wasn't the universe just after the Big Bang a Black Hole?

No. Right at the big bang there was no matter. That came later.

If so, how come it started to expand?

Good question. Short answer: Nobody knows (yet). Stuff that affects spacetime is still very much a subject being researched. The label under which this area of research goes in science is 'dark energy'.

How can an atom have a probability distribution for an electron orbital that is behind the nucleus

What do you mean by 'behind'?

Particle persistence in our Universe can only be explained by Time actually stopping for a given particle.

Why?( Hint: If time would stop then you could not have something like decay. )

antialias_physorg
4 / 5 (8) Feb 22, 2018
1) If nothing else not even light can escape from black hole then why it is interacting with outside word with gravity (provided gravity speed=light speed)?

Because gravity is a spacetime effect. It is (probably) not conveyed by particles....(though a graviton is postulated). Gravity does not interact with gravity - it superposes. Light moves along the curvature of spacetime. Gravity IS the curvature of spacetime.
idjyit
1 / 5 (1) Feb 22, 2018
Why?( Hint: If time would stop then you could not have something like decay. )


Base particles don't decay they may lose energy but the prime particle in invariant.
Energy exchange is a product of a T=0 particle interacting with other T=0 particles.
idjyit
1 / 5 (2) Feb 22, 2018
even antimatter annihilation produces particles. All energy (Except kinetic of course) is a form of T=0 particle.
antialias_physorg
4.2 / 5 (5) Feb 23, 2018
Base particles don't decay they may lose energy but the prime particle in invariant.

Every measurement we've done so far says otherwise. If it's a choice between what you say and actual measurement, I'll believe actual measurement every time.
even antimatter annihilation produces particles.

Antimatter annihilation produces photons. The word 'annihilation' might also be a clue that you're wrong...just sayin'.
Mark Thomas
5 / 5 (1) Feb 23, 2018
I have always enjoyed the "Back to the Future" movies where my studies of time travel paradoxes began. :-)

So while I am far from an expert on time travel paradoxes, it seems that if you are erased from the past, you would be otherwise free to travel to the past without creating paradoxes. For example, no such thing as the Grandfather Paradox because once you cross the Cauchy horizon of a Reissner-Nordström-de Sitter black hole you did not exist in the past and don't have a grandfather. Some people think it is the paradoxes that prevent time travel to the past and this idea may remove that obstacle.

The whole thing is pretty tough to swallow, but it is interesting to think about.
Spaced out Engineer
not rated yet Feb 23, 2018
"The fear of information loss is ...."
based on the operator solution in Quantum Mechanics (and Classical mechanics) being Unitary and hence invertible.

Does this still hold for a frustration free identity? Ex. A more apt to exit middle-out quantum gravitational perturbation theory. Spacetime operators groundstate of space, but spacetime as nothingness, whose flux is what is observed rather than a unitary identity of nothing (hence frustration free).
I guess this still does not explain compactification, nor why the offset from the groundstate is more probable.
How can the universe be deterministic?

Superdeterminism, all positive and negative pressure fracturings. of symmetry occur
The question is just which noncausal "locally connected" null geodesicy fracture are we a part of. What is curious is, I am not sure if such a theory excludes pythagorean, platonic accounts or picks a side. It takes a pop and push for this. D-9 brane astronaut conserved in a noisy channel.
idjyit
not rated yet Feb 23, 2018
So it's all about energy density, Wave packets and Quantum Gravity holding our Universe together .....
Yeah right M8!
The Universe would be a giant black hole if that were true.

The maths doesn't add up.
humy
5 / 5 (4) Feb 24, 2018
If a physicist knows how the universe starts out, she can calculate its future for all time and all space.

Oh dear. Even with a totally realist interpretation of quantum physics of the deterministic kind that Einstein would have approved of, that simply couldn't be more wrong. This author of the above comment obviously doesn't know the first thing about modern quantum physics and should be put right.
humy
5 / 5 (3) Feb 24, 2018
One should not equivocate deterministic with predictability.
Something can be both totally deterministic and yet STILL be impossible to predict in practice.

Predictability requires deterministic but deterministic doesn't require predictability.
AlfvenArp
not rated yet Feb 24, 2018
"In the real world, your past uniquely determines your future. If a physicist knows how the universe starts out, she can calculate its future for all time and all space."

In the real world it is what you do in the present, not the past, that determines your future. Living in the present is what provides infinite possible futures, not a type of black holes. Perhaps this mathematician is unhappy being a mathematician and is hoping to find this kind of black hole to reset his life. I hope he finds it.
milnik
1 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2018
It's no wonder that such stupidity has accumulated among scientists who are trying to clarify some of the phenomena in the universe. Why are there so many thuggish theories? The simple answer is: Science and participants in it do not know and recognize the structure of the universe at all. If so, no one from science knows, how, then, he can discuss and give explanations of phenomena, if he does not know anything about: what is matter, how it arises, what forms it, how the energy forms and from what, what is gravity and how it arises, what is magnetism, heat, various radiation, what is the light from which it is formed, what are the black holes and how they form, how are the bundles of matter going from subatomic particles to clusters of galaxies, how the celestial bodies and how they move . If nothing is known about this, it is certain that scientific cynics will invent as many theories and "evidence" as there are their variants in false evidence
milnik
1 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2018
And false evidence has countless. You all are discussing something that many scholars imagine. Their imagination and accumulated fatamagers in their unconscious heads are based on nonexistent, unnatural, worthless and false theories such as: Einstein's theory of relativity, Lorenz transformation, the expansion of the universe, the phenomenon of BB, some red movements due to the dopler effect in the movement of light, some quantum effects, finding countless new particles, the existence of dark matter and energy. All these are the consequences of the darkening of your brains by contaminating theories and the "scientific pistil" of the giants, who dragged you all into one "parallel universe" where your brain was washed, so that you would not understand that there is a SPIRITUAL ENTITY UNIVERSE (SEU), which is yours everything in your surroundings, formed and you will be divorced according to the laws and nature and the Creator,
milnik
1 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2018
in which you absolutely do not believe, and that's why you are so damned about the awareness that helps to understand the true cause of the phenomenon.
You do not even know the order of the process of formation of particles or celestial bodies. Black holes are "tombs" of matter, where matter returns to the form of substance AETHER, from which it is formed by the natural laws determined by the Creator everything in the observer of the universe, that is, the MEEU, which is the material energy entity of the universe, your body.
milnik
1 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2018
When matter (the surrounding celestial bodies, sucked into a black hole) transforms into AETHER, vibrations of Aether are formed, and this science thinks it's a red shift.
Does any of you in these discussions know anything about your existence and about your abilities and how you are and from whom, everything got and how and when you will lose it all.? ENJOY THE TRUTH AND DO NOT REDE FROM THE LOVE OF ANIMALS OF ANIMALS RETURNING TO THE INSTITUTE LEVEL, DO YOU DO NOT KNOW WHAT IS CREATOR, AND THAT ALL IT IS ALLOWED WITH EVERYTHING, EXCEPT THROUGH REPEATING, WHAT THE CONTAMINATORS OF OUR COVERAGE RECOGNIZED !!
SKULLTRAP
5 / 5 (1) Feb 26, 2018
Qol! I need to erase my past. I just have to figure out how to climb out of the black hole.
granville583762
5 / 5 (2) Feb 27, 2018
Violating your own theories
This … conclusion corresponds to a severe failure of determinism in general relativity that cannot be taken lightly in view of the importance in modern cosmology
The charge is extradimensional quantum effect violating gravity and as such general relativity. Therefore it's not so strange, when charged black holes violate general relativity - .

You can not violate general relativity because Albert Einstein was modifying and rewriting his theories as he mellowed with age and all his theories were mainly constructed when he worked in the patent office because by definition by Albert Einstein changing his own theories he was violating general relativity, common sense says you cannot violate your own theories.
postfuture
5 / 5 (1) Feb 28, 2018
Because it should be possible to survive the transition from our world to the black hole world
This is such a BS which just illustrates the complete lack of understanding... Black holes are extremely dense objects. If you would fall to much more lightweight object (let say Jupiter), I can assure you, you would get disintegrated and your past will be lost with no mercy. The heavier object, the better you would get barbecued, https://en.wikipe...fication and disintegrated.


Thank you, mackita, for pointing that out. Much simpler and even very trivial things can 'disintegrate' the 'past', as well as the 'present' and the 'future' ;)

1 / 5 (6)

Hyperfuzzy
not rated yet Feb 28, 2018
Not logical and a vastly erroneous theory.
b_man
not rated yet Apr 13, 2018
irrelevant, since the universe had no beginning.

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