New evidence shows might of Pharaoh Ramses is fake news

Pharaoh
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Archaeological evidence from an Egyptian excavation 200 miles east of the Libyan border has helped bust the fearsome reputation of one of the country's most famous pharaohs.

Dr. Nicky Nielsen, from the University of Manchester, says the Egyptians who lived in the late Bronze Age fortress at of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham were at peace with their Libyan neighbours.

Dr. Nielsen's findings—published in the journal Antiquity – contradict the commonly held view that Ramses the Great was waging—and winning- fierce war with his neighbours, in Libya, Nubia and the Near East.

The excavation is directed by Dr. Steven Snape, from the University of Liverpool.

The evidence—which included 3,300-year-old sickle blades, handstones, querns and cow bones—showed the Egyptians harvested crops and raised cattle herds up to 8 km away from the protection of the fort, located deep in Libyan territory.

According to Dr. Nielsen, the finding adds to the body of evidence that Ramses had limited pedigree as a soldier.

Ramses' famous monuments heralding his prowess as a warrior were nothing more than ancient propaganda, says Dr. Nielsen.

"This evidence demonstrates the degree to which the Egyptian occupants of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham relied on local Libyans not just for trade, but also for their knowledge of the local environment and effective farming methods," he said.

"It is another strong indication that the widely held belief that Ramses was one of history's greatest generals – is completely wrong.

"How on earth could Ramses have been fiercely at war with Libyan nomads- when his soldiers were living in peace with them deep in their territory? It just doesn't add up.

"In fact, the most significant battle Ramses ever fought was at Kadesh: though one of the most famous in the ancient world –it was disastrously executed by the pharaoh."

According to Dr. Nielsen, the Hittites—the Egyptians' foes- tricked the young king into fighting them, which led him to impetuously imperil a division of his army.

It was only when the three other divisions of his army eventually rescued him was he able to escape, but with no territory gained. In fact he lost control of a great part of modern-day Syria after the battle.

He added: "When you realise that Ramses re-inscribed monuments dedicated to others – so that it appeared they were celebrating his achievements, you realise what a peddler of fake news he was.

"His name was often carved so deeply, it was impossible to remove it – thus preserving his legacy.

"And as he fathered 162 children and ruled Egypt for 69 years, his propaganda had plenty of opportunity to take root."


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More information: Nicky Nielsen. Cereal cultivation and nomad-sedentary interactions at the Late Bronze Age settlement of Zawiyet Umm el-Rakham, Antiquity (2017). DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2017.174
Journal information: Antiquity

Citation: New evidence shows might of Pharaoh Ramses is fake news (2018, January 29) retrieved 22 September 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-evidence-pharaoh-ramses-fake-news.html
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Jan 29, 2018
In other words public disinformation campaigns existed even back then. Imagine what we will find out about our own great achievements in another 30 years once the Military Inustrial complex is no longer running things.

Jan 29, 2018
"When you realise that Ramses re-inscribed monuments dedicated to others – so that it appeared they were celebrating his achievements, you realise what a peddler of fake news he was.

That seems an oddly familiar MO.
https://www.washi...730de26d

Jan 29, 2018
Good informative article, but please do not add to the normalization, even in jest, of the term "fake news". It is being uses as a dangerous, totalitarian-inspired weapon against all journalists--including you. We all know the perpetrator who is popularizing this phrase. He is the least science-literate "leader" in the U.S., and he does not need encouragement.

Jan 29, 2018
Murdoch's Faux News has ancient rot.

Uhh roots, ancient roots.

Yeah, that's what I meant to say!

Jan 29, 2018
Anyone with an open will immediately recognize the fake news of some major US news networks. It is an important topic, and only those who don't care about the truth will want to squash it.

Jan 29, 2018
That seems an oddly familiar MO.
https://www.washi...730de26d
hahaha sorry I don't pay for fake news

Jan 29, 2018
"It is being uses as a dangerous, totalitarian-inspired weapon against all journalists--including you. We all know the perpetrator who is popularizing this phrase. He is the least science-literate "leader" in the U.S., and he does not need encouragement."

Fake News.

Jan 30, 2018
My suspicion mack? If the conclusions of this article were correlated with your comment? I think we will have inched a little closer to what realistically will always be an unprovable description of ancient historical events.

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