Researchers reveal the mechanism by which cellular nuclei reach their position within muscle cells

September 11, 2017, Instituto de Medicina Molecular
A muscle fiber (green) and its several nuclei (purple) located at the periphery of the muscle cell. Credit: Image and video: William Roman, Edgar Gomes LabConcept and animation: Ana de Barros, iMM Lisboa

A group of researchers at Instituto de Medicina Molecular (iMM) Lisboa has revealed the mechanism by which cellular nuclei reach their position within muscle cells. This discovery, now published in Nature Cell Biology, can have important implications in therapeutic strategies to treat muscular diseases.

Muscular diseases can range from genetic disorders to aging muscles. Muscle loss affects the entire segment of the aged population. This increases the risk of severe mobility limitations, hospitalization and mortality. These numbers will all be inflated by the growing aging population. It is estimated that by 2050 the world's population above 60 year's old will double reaching around 2 billion world-wide. This generalized aging poses a series of challenges for society.

A hallmark of muscle cells is the unique position of their nuclei at the cellular periphery. In multiple muscle diseases, this nuclear positioning fails to occur. Although the severity of symptoms varies amongst affected individuals, these diseases result in a gradual loss of that leads to a loss of autonomy.

The team led by Edgar Gomes studies nuclear positioning during muscle formation, in particular how nuclei move from an initial central position to the periphery of .

"Throughout my PhD I heard scientists commenting on nuclear positioning as an indicator for muscle diseases without knowing how nuclei are positioned. It was therefore exhilarating to uncover how this process occurred; now we have to understand why", said the study's first author William Roman.

A 3-D visualization of nuclei movement within muscle cells. Credit: Image and video: William Roman, Edgar Gomes LabConcept and animation: Ana de Barros, iMM Lisboa

Researchers devised a unique protocol that allowed them to design a theoretical model to explain this natural phenomenon. The model was then tested in the laboratory and lead to the identification of the forces involved in nuclear movement at a molecular level.

"It was fascinating to observe for the first time how are positioned at the periphery of the . We expect that this discovery will be important to develop novel treatments for different muscle disorders and for sport-induced muscle injuries", said Edgar Gomes.

This work, which also involved teams at the Crick Institute in London, and Center for Research in Myology in Paris, identifies both the mechanism and the molecular pathways involved in nuclear positioning in muscle. Since nuclear positioning is disrupted in most muscle disorders, these discoveries can become targets for novel therapeutic strategies.

In the future, this work can be basis for the identification of optimal physical exercises to preserve and repair capacity. Formulating workout strategies not only for aging population but also for athletes would promote a healthier lifestyle.

Explore further: New discovery of proteins involved in positioning muscular nuclei

More information: Myofibril contraction and crosslinking drive nuclear movement to the periphery of skeletal muscle, Nature Cell Biology (2017). DOI: 10.1038/ncb3605

Related Stories

Researchers find key to muscle regeneration

June 14, 2017

Saint Louis University researchers report in Molecular Metabolism new findings that the nuclear receptor REV-ERB appears to play a key role in muscle regeneration, suggesting the receptor may be a good target for new drugs ...

Stem cells may be the key to staying strong in old age

June 6, 2017

University of Rochester Medical Center researchers have discovered that loss of muscle stem cells is the main driving force behind muscle decline in old age in mice. Their finding challenges the current prevailing theory ...

Recommended for you

Bumblebees confused by iridescent colors

May 25, 2018

Iridescence is a form of structural colour which uses regular repeating nanostructures to reflect light at slightly different angles, causing a colour-change effect.

Dragonfly enzymes point to larger evolutionary dynamics

May 24, 2018

Although evolution has left dragonflies virtually unchanged for roughly 300 million years, new research by a UTM biologist reveals that understanding small physiological activities in these insects could reveal a deeper understanding ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.