Seasonal warming leads to smaller animal body sizes

March 28, 2017, Queen Mary, University of London
Curtis Horne and colleagues investigate the effects of seasonal warming on body size in insects and crustaceans. Credit: Curtis Horne

Changes in the body size of animals measured under controlled laboratory conditions have been shown to closely match changes in body size with seasonal warming in nature, according to research from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).

Cold-blooded rely on the temperature of their external environment to dictate their . When these species are reared in warmer conditions in the laboratory they usually develop faster, maturing at a smaller adult size. This biological phenomenon occurs in over 83 per cent of cold-blooded species.

Despite the huge number of environmental factors than can vary seasonally, and the potential limitations of the study, the researchers found a statistically significant match between size responses to temperature measured in the laboratory and in nature, which suggests that they share common drivers.

The results, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, are extracted from the largest ever analysis of data from studies on seasonal body size variation in arthropod species from locations around the globe.

Curtis Horne, from QMUL's School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, said: "Understanding how body size varies with temperature is crucial to understanding and predicting how species will cope in a warming world. Changes in the body size of species can impact the ecosystem services we rely on.

"Arthropods are of huge economic and ecological value to humans. For example, they include important species of pollinators, as well as zooplankton species, the most abundant animals in our ocean that form the basis of the food chain for commercially important fish species. It is in our interest to understand how these species will respond to warming."

He added: "Variation between species in the sensitivity of body size to warming can also give us an indication of why this response has evolved."

The findings show some species are likely to face a greater impact from and shifting seasonality.

In particular, aquatic species including important species of zooplankton, reduce their much more with seasonal compared to species on land such as aphids and butterflies.

With oxygen availability decreasing in areas of the world's oceans there are potential implications for how oxygen and temperature will interact to influence in these sensitive aquatic species.

This research was a collaboration between QMUL and the University of Liverpool.

Explore further: Cold-blooded animals grow bigger in the warm on land, but smaller in warm water

More information: Seasonal Body Size Reductions with Warming Co-vary with Major Body Size Gradients in Arthropod Species, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, rspb.royalsocietypublishing.or … .1098/rspb.2017.0238

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Microbial communities demonstrate high turnover

January 19, 2018

When Mark Twain famously said "If you don't like the weather in New England, just wait a few minutes," he probably didn't anticipate MIT researchers would apply his remark to their microbial research. But a new study does ...

Hot weather is bad news for bird sperm

January 19, 2018

A new study led by Macquarie University and spanning Sydney and Oslo has shown that exposure to extreme temperatures, such as those experienced during heatwave conditions, significantly reduces sperm quality in zebra finches, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.