Painless microneedle patch could replace needles

Painless microneedle patch could replace needles
The more flexible patch, which has a base of molded thiol-ene-epoxy-based thermoset film, conformed well to deformations of the skin surface and each of the 50 needles penetrated the skin during a 30 minute test. Credit: KTH The Royal Institute of Technology

It's only a matter of time before drugs are administered via patches with painless microneedles instead of unpleasant injections. But designers need to balance the need for flexible, comfortable-to-wear material with effective microneedle penetration of the skin. Swedish researchers say they may have cracked the problem.

In the recent volume of PLOS ONE, a research team from KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm reports a successful test of its microneedle patch, which combines stainless steel needles embedded in a soft polymer base – the first such combination believed to be scientifically studied. The soft material makes it comfortable to wear, while the stiff needles ensure reliable skin penetration.

Unlike epidermal patches, microneedles penetrate the upper layer of the skin, just enough to avoid touching the nerves. This enables delivery of drugs, extraction of physiological signals for fitness monitoring devices, extracting body fluids for real-time monitoring of glucose, pH level and other diagnostic markers, as well as skin treatments in cosmetics and bioelectric treatments.

Frank Niklaus, professor of micro and nanofabrication at KTH, says that practically all microneedle arrays being tested today are "monoliths", that is, the needles and their supporting base are made of the same – often hard and stiff – material. While that allows the microneedles to penetrate the skin, they are uncomfortable to wear. On the other hand, if the whole array is made from softer materials, they may fit more comfortably, but soft needles are less reliable for penetrating the skin.

"To the best of our knowledge, flexible and stretchable patches with arrays of sharp and stiff microneedles have not been demonstrated to date," he says. 

They actually tested two variations of their concept, one which was stretchable and slightly more flexible than the other. The more flexible patch, which has a base of molded thiol-ene-epoxy-based thermoset film, conformed well to deformations of the skin surface and each of the 50 needles penetrated the during a 30 minute test.

A successful microneedle product could have major implications for . "The chronically ill would not have to take daily injections," says co-author Niclas Roxhed, who is research leader at the Department of Micro and Nanotechnology at KTH. 

In addition to addressing people's reluctance to take painful shots, microneedles also offer a hygiene benefit. The World Health Organization estimates that about 1.3 million people die worldwide each year due to improper handling of .

"Since the patch does not enter the bloodstream, there is less risk of spreading infections," Roxhed says. 


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More information: Mina Rajabi et al. Flexible and Stretchable Microneedle Patches with Integrated Rigid Stainless Steel Microneedles for Transdermal Biointerfacing, PLOS ONE (2016). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166330
Journal information: PLoS ONE

Citation: Painless microneedle patch could replace needles (2016, December 12) retrieved 22 May 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-12-painless-microneedle-patch-needles.html
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Dec 12, 2016
AdminMed, the leading microneedle array company, has already developed and patented the flexible and stretchable microneedle arrays. The flexibility of the microneedle array is provided by a substrate design having a network of interconnected spring elements. Each spring element essentially functions as a micro-spring or hinge. The spring element is capable of absorbing and storing mechanical energy when stretched, compressed, bent, and/or twisted by an external load. The flexible and stretchable array of spring elements allows the AdminPatch microneedle array to conform to contours of the flexible and stretchable skin surface structure. None of our competitors can produce convex microneedle arrays or flexible and stretchable microneedle arrays:
United States Patent 7785301
Tissue conforming microneedle array and patch for transdermal drug delivery or biological fluid collection.

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