Current methods cannot predict damage to coral reefs

April 6, 2016, American Institute of Biological Sciences

The potentially devastating effects of ocean acidification on coral reefs are well reported. However, the methods used to evaluate the potential harm are often focused on individual species, viewed in isolation. According to an international research team led by Peter J. Edmunds of California State University, Northridge, this simplistic approach neglects broad-scale inter-species and inter-population dynamics that may have unforeseen consequences for ecosystems.

"Most studies address the effects of on single species of corals and calcified algae in tanks," write the team members in an article for the journal BioScience. This approach, they argue, will be inadequate for evaluating the emergent properties of acidification-afflicted reef ecosystems. Answering the wider question of whether reefs will grow or dissolve "requires a consideration of scaling effects."

Differences across scales—from organisms to populations, to communities and ecosystems—have "particularly strong implications for coral reefs," say the authors. At the narrow scale, species-specific responses to acidification are highly variable, a result of corals' varied protective tissue layers, differing skeletal solubilities, and numerous other factors. Such differences have far-reaching implications at broader scales. For instance, differently responding symbiotic genotypes (zooxanthellae) could have major effects on a reef's community structure—and, ultimately, on the health of the reef as a whole.

To address these neglected dynamics, the authors propose an approach that combines empirical evidence with traditional biological scaling models and computer simulations to achieve a broader understanding of acidification effects. Only by synthesizing theory and existing empirical practices, they say, will it be possible to ascertain "how the population-level impacts of ocean acidification sum to community- and ecosystem-level impacts."

Despite the promise of their work, the authors caution that "we should not expect a 'grand unifying theory' of the effects of ocean acidification on to emerge." Rather, they report that the best hope for unraveling the complex web of ocean acidification effects lies in the deployment of a diverse "suite of complementary modeling approaches."

Peter J. Edmunds will appear on the podcast BioScience Talks on 11 May 2016.

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not rated yet Apr 07, 2016
This study might be relevant if there was any indication at all that oceans were "acidifying", however there isn't.

Consult your local physicist on this. Water's ability to absorb carbon dioxide depends on temperature, this is modeled mathematically by Henry's Law. The hypothesis behind "global warming" is water temperature is increasing. This hasn't been proven, but it is inarguably the hypothesis. Henry's Law demonstrates that, as the temperature of ocean water increases, its ability to hold dissolved gas decreases. In short, a warming ocean off-gasses carbon dioxide.

Therefore, it's impossible for warming water to "acidify" through CO2 uptake. It just can't happen. End of conversation.
not rated yet Apr 07, 2016
Henry's Law refers mainly to the influence of pressure, not temp. And it doesn't apply well to CO2, which is not really dissolved, but reacts with water. Anyway, if the CO2 partial pressure increases a lot and the temperature increases a very little, the pressure will dominate on the CO2 concentration in water.

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