Scientists' discovery could have powerful effect on electronics

October 1, 2015 by Chaz Lilly
Research conducted by Dr. Rafik Addou (from left), Dr. Moon Kim, Dr. Robert Wallace and graduate student Hui Zhu demonstrated a practical way to create nano-electronic devices one atomic layer at a time.

The field of quantum mechanics deals with materials at atomic dimensions, and big discoveries often happen at a very small scale. Researchers in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science, in collaboration with an international team of engineers and scientists, have uncovered a phenomenon that could have major implications for the development of nano-electronic circuits and devices.

In a recent article published in Nature Communications, the researchers describe for the first time how grown and stacked, can exhibit a unique transport effect, called negative differential resistance, or NDR, at .

NDR is a phenomenon in which electrons, due to their wave nature, tunnel through thin materials with varying resistance.

"It all begins with materials called transition metal dichalogenides, or TMDs, which can form an atomically thin layer that behaves like a semiconductor switch," said co-author Dr. Robert Wallace, who is professor of materials science and engineering and holds the Erik Jonsson Distinguished Chair at UT Dallas. "TMDs are now being explored to see if they can be used to produce the ultimate in low-power, high-speed transistor technology."

This exploration is of note to electronics engineers interested in future transistors. When grown in atomically thin layers, the surfaces of TMDs are expected to be perfect semiconductors for atomically thin transistors, ideally with no defects, allowing a superfast "turn-on" and "turn-off" behavior at very low voltages.

"If realized, these materials could revolutionize the electronics industry and better enable even higher-performance portable devices like smartphones and the Internet of Things. Their atomically thin layer nature gives rise to the concept of two-dimensional semiconductor materials," Wallace said.

UT Dallas graduate student Hui Zhu was co-author on the paper published in Nature Communications.

Dr. Moon Kim, who holds the Louis Beecherl Jr. Distinguished Chair and is professor of materials science and engineering at UT Dallas, was a co-author on the paper.

"This research is the first of its kind in demonstrating a practical way of fabricating nano-electronic devices by one atomic layer at a time rather than mechanically stacking atomically thin layers," Kim said. "A close collaboration among researchers with complementary expertise such as device fabrication, atomic scale characterization and theory made this research possible."

The NDR effect was first observed when a voltage was applied to structures made of one-atom-thick layers that consisted of several different TMD materials. What caught the researchers' attention was a sharp peak and valley in electrical measurements where there would normally be a regular upward slope.

In explaining the findings, the researchers realized that they were seeing a 2-D version of a resonant tunneling diode, a quantum mechanical device that operates at low power. The team realized they had built the world's thinnest resonant tunneling diode, and that it operated at room temperature.

"This collaborative work represents an important achievement in the realization of useful 2-D integrated circuits. The ability to observe the resonant behavior at room temperature points toward the possibilities for scalable device fabrication methods that are more compatible with industrial interests," Wallace said. "The challenge we now must address includes improving the grown 2-D further and obtaining better performance for future device applications."

Explore further: Diode a few atoms thick shows surprising quantum effect

More information: "Atomically thin resonant tunnel diodes built from synthetic van der Waals heterostructures." Nature Communications 6, Article number: 7311 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8311

Related Stories

Diode a few atoms thick shows surprising quantum effect

June 23, 2015

A quantum mechanical transport phenomenon demonstrated for the first time in synthetic, atomically-thin layered material at room temperature could lead to novel nanoelectronic circuits and devices, according to researchers ...

New technology may lead to prolonged power in mobile devices

September 26, 2014

Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas have created technology that could be the first step toward wearable computers with self-contained power sources or, more immediately, a smartphone that doesn't die after ...

Researchers build atomically thin gas and chemical sensors

February 19, 2015

The relatively recent discovery of graphene, a two-dimensional layered material with unusual and attractive electronic, optical and thermal properties, led scientists to search for other atomically thin materials with unique ...

Recommended for you

The microscopic origin of efficiency droop in LEDs

November 21, 2017

Light-emitting diodes—or LEDs, as they are commonly known—have been slowly replacing incandescent light bulbs in applications ranging from car taillights to indicators on electronics since their invention in the 1960s.

Borophene shines alone as 2-D plasmonic material

November 20, 2017

An atom-thick film of boron could be the first pure two-dimensional material able to emit visible and near-infrared light by activating its plasmons, according to Rice University scientists.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.