Theoretical study suggests huge lava tubes could exist on moon

March 19, 2015 by Elizabeth K. Gardner, Purdue University
The city of Philadelphia is shown inside a theoretical lunar lava tube. A Purdue University team of researchers explored whether lava tubes more than 1 kilometer wide could remain structurally stable on the moon. Credit: Purdue University/courtesy of David Blair

Lava tubes large enough to house cities could be structurally stable on the moon, according to a theoretical study presented at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference on Tuesday (March 17).

The volcanic features are an important target for future human space exploration because they could provide shelter from cosmic radiation, meteorite impacts and temperature extremes.

Lava tubes are tunnels formed from the lava flow of volcanic eruptions. The edges of the lava cool as it flows to form a pipe-like crust around the flowing river of lava. When the eruption ends and the lava flow stops, the pipe drains leave behind a hollow tunnel, said Jay Melosh, a Purdue University distinguished professor of earth, atmospheric and planetary sciences who is involved in the research.

"There has been some discussion of whether lava tubes might exist on the moon," he said. "Some evidence, like the sinuous rilles observed on the surface, suggest that if lunar lava tubes exist they might be really big."

Sinuous rilles are large channels visible on the thought to be formed by . The sinuous rilles range in size up to 10 kilometers wide, and the Purdue team explored whether lava tubes of the same scale could exist.

David Blair, a graduate student in Purdue's Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, led the study that examined whether empty lava tubes more than 1 kilometer wide could remain structurally stable on the moon.

"We found that if lunar lava tubes existed with a strong arched shape like those on Earth, they would be stable at sizes up to 5,000 meters, or several miles wide, on the moon," Blair said. "This wouldn't be possible on Earth, but gravity is much lower on the moon and doesn't have to withstand the same weathering and erosion. In theory, huge lava tubes - big enough to easily house a city - could be structurally sound on the moon."

Blair worked with Antonio Bobet, a Purdue professor of civil engineering, and applied known information about lunar rock and the moon's environment to civil engineering technology used to design tunnels on Earth.

The team found that a 's stability depended on the width, roof thickness and the stress state of the cooled lava, and the team modeled a range of these variables. The researchers also modeled lava tubes with walls created by lava placed in one thick layer and with lava placed in many thin layers, Blair said.

Only one other study, published in 1969, has attempted to model lunar lava tubes, he said.

Explore further: Team puts Earhart on the moon with discovery of new crater

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3.3 / 5 (4) Mar 19, 2015
Yes. At last, a serious suggestion of what seems almost too obvious. And just wait till we get to Mars. As I've said, this is where the action is. IMO, skittering around on the surface is just obfuscation. Let's get on with it. Below the surface, these bodies are likely to be extremely exciting places.
5 / 5 (1) Mar 20, 2015
So a sensible mission in preparation of a moon base would be to carpet-bomb an area with seismic charges and have a look at what regions seem promising.

Using already available hollow spaces would be infintely preferrable to having to dig your own (or even using surface based habitats which, apart from the meteoritze danger, are at need all kinds of radiation shielding)
Whydening Gyre
not rated yet Mar 20, 2015
Wow... if enough of these in the moon and you might be able to consider the moon "hollow"...:-)
Kidding aside, I think a little research follow-up on their postulate might be in order...
5 / 5 (1) Mar 20, 2015
Is there any evidence from the GRAIL spacecraft that such tubes do indeed exist? Or wasn't there enough resolution to find such tubes?
5 / 5 (1) Mar 20, 2015

Japan's Kaguya spacecraft recently captured pictures of the curious dark hole, which may open onto a large underground lava tube.

5 / 5 (1) Mar 20, 2015
From the last link:

" The hole appears to be as much as 289 feet (88 meters) deep—too deep to be one of the moon's many impact craters, Haruyama and colleagues report in a study set to appear in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

Provocatively, the 213-foot-wide (65-meter-wide) hole is in the middle of a rill, a type of sinuous, line-like feature that meanders across the moon.

Rills are thought to be the surface evidence of underground channels that once carried ancient lava flows and may now house empty tubes.

If the skylight does provide entry to an interior cavern, the study suggests, the cavern should be a minimum of 1,214 feet (370 meters) wide."

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