Magnetic field directs nanoparticles to tumors

(PhysOrg.com) -- To improve the tumor-specific delivery of drug to tumors, a team of investigators from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) has created a system of nanoparticles-within-a-nanoparticle that can be directed to and concentrated at the site of tumor using a magnetic field.

Once at the tumor site, radiofrequency irradiation triggers drug release from the nanoparticles, bathing the tumors in drug and markedly reducing the growth of the tumors.

Reporting its work in the journal , a research team led by Sungho Jin described the multiple steps it uses to create these multi-component nanoparticles that contain both and the drug Camptothecin trapped within a silica shell.

Trapped within the silica nanoparticle, the close proximity of the hundreds of magnetic nanoparticles boosts their responsiveness to a applied from outside the body. More importantly, at moderate magnetic field strengths the nanoparticles not only accumulate in the vicinity of a tumor but also penetrate into the tumor mass.

Based on these initial results, the investigators injected the nanoparticles into mice implanted with human breast tumors. After using a magnetic field to direct the nanoparticles to tumors during a two-hour period, the researchers subjected the animals to three 8-minute exposures to radiofrequency irradiation. The treated animals experienced a marked reduction in the size of their tumors and experienced no noticeable side effects.

This work is detailed in a paper titled, "Magnetically Vectored Nanocapsules for Tumor-Penetration and Remotely Switchable On-Demand Drug Release." An abstract of this paper is available at the journal's website.


Explore further

Remote Magnetic Field Triggers Nanoparticle Drug Release

Citation: Magnetic field directs nanoparticles to tumors (2010, November 25) retrieved 21 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-11-magnetic-field-nanoparticles-tumors.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
0 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more