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One billion year old fungi found is Earth's oldest

Scientists have unearthed fossilised fungi dating back up to one billion years, in a discovery that could reshape our understanding of how life on land evolved, research showed Wednesday.

Spatial DNA organization forms first, then the rest

The fundamental organization of the DNA in active and inactive compartments arises immediately after fertilization of the oocyte, even before genes are activated. This was discovered by researchers from the Hubrecht Institute ...

Genetic discovery may improve corn quality, yields

Researchers may be able to improve corn yields and nutritional value after discovering genetic regulators that synthesize starch and protein in the widely eaten grain, according to a Rutgers-led study.

Ancient toy inspires tool for state-of-the-art science

A 5,000-year-old toy still enjoyed by kids today has inspired an inexpensive, hand-powered scientific tool that could not only impact how field biologists conduct their research but also allow high-school students and others ...

How DNA is read and copied

Two scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have unraveled aspects of how DNA organizes and preserves genetic information. Newly published research by Cynthia Wolberger, Ph.D., and James Berger, Ph.D., ...

Flux Puppy: Ecological app for measuring carbon dioxide

"Today I am talking the Flux Puppy for a walk at @HarvardForest to measure stem respiration," NAU postdoctoral researcher Tim Rademacher recently tweeted. With it, a photo of a small white chamber fastened to a tree trunk ...

Researchers create most complete model of complex protein machinery

Environmental conditions, lifestyle choices, chemical exposure, and foodborne and airborne pathogens are among the external factors that can cause disease. In contrast, internal genetic factors can be responsible for the ...

Statistical model could predict future disease outbreaks

Several University of Georgia researchers teamed up to create a statistical method that may allow public health and infectious disease forecasters to better predict disease reemergence, especially for preventable childhood ...

A 'biomultimeter' to measure RNA and protein production in real-time

Builders of genetic circuits face the same quandary as builders of digital circuits: testing their designs. Yet unlike bioengineers, engineers have a simple and universal testing tool—the multimeter—that they can touch ...

SABER tech gives DNA and RNA visualization a boost

Researchers have been using "Fluorescence in situ hybridization" (FISH) analysis for decades to literally fish for specific DNA and RNA sequences in intact cells and tissues within their vast seas of nucleic acid molecules. ...

Key acid-activated protein channel identified

Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a long-sought protein, the proton-activated chloride channel (PAC), that is activated in acidic environments and could protect against the tissue-damaging effects of stroke, heart ...

How one fern can soak up so much arsenic—and not die

Arsenic-contaminated soil and groundwater pose risks to millions of Americans and hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Cleaning up the toxic metal is a laborious and expensive process, with some remediations of arsenic ...

The USDA announces new vision for animal genomics

A new U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) blueprint, published today in Frontiers and Genetics, will serve as a guide for research and funding in animal genomics for 2018-2027 that will facilitate genomic solutions to enable ...

The global invasion routes of the red swamp crayfish

Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) researchers have reconstructed the invasion routes followed by the red swamp crayfish during its human-driven expansion based on the analysis of a mitochondrial gene (COI), which was ...

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Scientists break record for highest-temperature superconductor
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Artificial photosynthesis transforms carbon dioxide into liquefiable fuels
Quantum Physics
Physicists propose a second level of quantization for quantum Shannon theory
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Quantum rebar: Quantum dots enhance stability of solar-harvesting perovskite crystals
Space Exploration
Massive Martian ice discovery opens a window into red planet's history
Optics & Photonics
Nanoscopic protein motion on a live cell membrane
Environment
Researchers discover the source of new chlorofluorocarbon emissions
Condensed Matter
Unexpected observation of ice at low temperature, high pressure questions water theory
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Migration to the north: climate change puts plankton on the move
Materials Science
Data science helps engineers discover new materials for solar cells and LEDs
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Researchers debut first comprehensive view of human cell division
Space Exploration
Strange Martian mineral deposit likely sourced from volcanic explosions
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Big energy savings for tiny machines
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Ultra-luminous X-ray pulsar NGC 300 ULX1 experienced unprecedented spin evolution, study finds
Economics & Business
Study finds warmer temperatures improve women's performance
Environment
Global temperature change attributable to external factors, confirms new study
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Neptune's moon Triton fosters rare icy union
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'Metasurfaces' that manipulate light at tiny scales could find uses in consumer technology
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Eighteen Earth-sized exoplanets discovered
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