Increase in Arctic cyclones is linked to climate change, new study shows

Feb 18, 2014

Winter in the Arctic is not only cold and dark, it is also storm season when hurricane-like cyclones traverse the northern waters from Iceland to Alaska. These cyclones are characterized by strong localized drops in sea level pressure, and as Arctic-wide decreases in sea level pressure are one of the expected results of climate change, this could increase extreme Arctic cyclone activity, including powerful storms in the spring and fall.

A new study in Geophysical Research Letters uses historical climate model simulations to demonstrate that there has been an Arctic-wide decrease in pressure since the 1800's.

"This research shows that the Arctic appears to be expressing symptoms expected from ongoing ," said Dr. Stephen Vavrus from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "The long-term decline in atmospheric pressure over most of the Arctic is consistent with the response typically simulated by climate models to greenhouse warming, and this study finds a general corresponding increase in the frequency of extreme Arctic cyclones since the middle 19th century."

Tracking changes in Arctic cyclone activity through time, Vavrus calculated a statistically significant, though minor, increase in extreme Arctic cyclone frequency over the study period, with increases strongest near the Aleutian Islands and Iceland. Dr. Vavrus suggests that, as of yet, the effect of climate change on Arctic cyclone activity has been minimal, but that future changes in polar climate will drive stronger shifts.

"One societally relevant implication is that more storminess probably means more erosion of Arctic coastlines, especially in tandem with declines in buffering sea ice cover and increases in thawing coastal permafrost," concluded Dr. Varnus. "Erosion of Arctic coastlines has already been growing more severe during recent decades, and this study points to a contributing factor that will likely become an even more recognizable culprit in the future."

Explore further: NOAA researcher says Arctic marine mammals are ecosystem sentinels

More information: Stephen J. Vavrus, Extreme Arctic cyclones in CMIP5 historical simulations Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058161

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User comments : 6

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Tangent2
1.5 / 5 (8) Feb 18, 2014
"Increase in Arctic cyclones is linked to climate change, new study shows"

No Sh!t! Gotta love the way they just keep making up names for these events now to sooth the public reaction. If it has a name, then it is not a complete unknown (according to our brains). Whoever heard of a Polar Vortex before 2000? And now they are calling it an Arctic Cyclone? Seems like confusion is purposely being used.
TegiriNenashi
1.9 / 5 (9) Feb 18, 2014
The excessive number of global warming articles is well known to cause global warming fatigue.
StillWind
1.9 / 5 (9) Feb 18, 2014
More grist for making the dumb, dumber...
Returners
2.3 / 5 (9) Feb 18, 2014
"Rain related to water, new study shows."
runrig
4.4 / 5 (7) Feb 21, 2014
"Increase in Arctic cyclones is linked to climate change, new study shows"

No Sh!t! Gotta love the way they just keep making up names for these events now to sooth the public reaction. If it has a name, then it is not a complete unknown (according to our brains). Whoever heard of a Polar Vortex before 2000? And now they are calling it an Arctic Cyclone? Seems like confusion is purposely being used.


I did - but then I'm a Meteorologist (retired).

Please don't make your ignorance quite so public.
winthrom
2 / 5 (1) Feb 22, 2014
@runrig.

Depends on when you retired. I retired from Meteorologist work in 1972. I did not hear that term used then. Might be I was more involved in tropical Wx.

Cheers