Researchers demonstrate proof of creation of a mirror by optical matter

Jan 20, 2014 by Bob Yirka report
Credit: T. M. Grzegorczyk et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2014)

(Phys.org) —A team of researchers working at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology has physically demonstrated that it is possible to create a mirror from material that is optically manipulated. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes their demo product and how it might one day lead to giant space based telescopes.

Currently, space based telescopes are limited by their size and weight, particularly regarding the mirror—using rockets for delivery is very restrictive—there are both size and cost issues involved. To possibly get around that problem, the researchers with this new effort are looking into taking advantage of the force produced when a laser is shot at a tiny particle.

Scientists have known for some time that very tiny things can be moved around using nothing but laser light—optical tweezers are one example. Taking the idea a step further, the research team put several micrometer-sized in water and placed them on a very small pane of glass. Next, they fired a laser at the beads, causing them to move close enough to one another touch—electrostatic force pulled them tightly together. Once in place the beads together formed a reflective surface—reflective enough for the device to be considered a rudimentary mirror. The researchers tested their mirror by shining a light through a plastic ruler—the light that bounced back was displayed on another surface and was clear enough for the team to make out the number "8". This they say, suggests their simple mirror might one day lead to the construction of huge space based telescopes, effectively doing away with the much heavier models used today.

Such predictions may be jumping the gun a bit, however, as there are some very serious impediments to building such a telescope. The main one of course is that such a telescope would require a constantly focused laser beam, which would of course require a lot of power—power that would have to come most likely, from the sun, which would mean sending up massive solar arrays to support the which would bring back the original problem of sending up large or heavy objects.

The researchers are undaunted by such hurdles, suggesting that their demonstrates a path towards the future and that it doesn't seem out of the question to believe that advances in science will make what might now seem impossible, possible

Explore further: Laser tripod for better levitation

More information: Optical Mirror from Laser-Trapped Mesoscopic Particles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 023902 (2014) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.023902

Abstract
Trapping of mesoscopic particles by optical forces usually relies on the gradient force, whereby particles are attracted into optical wells formed by landscaping the intensity of an optical field. This is most often achieved by optical Gaussian beams, interference patterns, general phase contrast methods, or other mechanisms. Hence, although the simultaneous trapping of several hundreds of particles can be achieved, these particles remain mostly independent with negligible interaction. Optical matter, however, relies on close packing and binding forces, with fundamentally different electrodynamic properties. In this Letter, we build ensembles of optically bound particles to realize a reflective surface that can be used to image an object or to focus a light beam. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental proof of the creation of a mirror by optical matter, and represents an important step toward the realization of a laser-trapped mirror (LTM) in space. From a theoretical point of view, optically bound close packing requires an exact solver of Maxwell's equations in order to precisely compute the field scattered by the collection of particles. Such rigorous calculations have been developed and are used here to study the focusing and resolving power of an LTM.

Related Stories

Laser tripod for better levitation

Oct 30, 2013

(Phys.org) —Physicists from The Australian National University have shown that three lasers are better than one when it comes to levitating small but visible objects on light, designing an extremely precise ...

Giant Magellan Telescope's third mirror unveiled

Dec 04, 2013

The Giant Magellan Telescope's third primary mirror will be unveiled at the University of Arizona's Steward Observatory Mirror Lab on December 6, 2013. The combined surface area of the three mirrors created to date surpasses ...

James Webb space telescope's mirrors get 'shrouded'

Jun 07, 2012

(Phys.org) -- Earlier this year, NASA completed deep-freeze tests on the James Webb Space Telescope mirrors in a "shroud" at the X-ray & Cryogenic Facility (XRCF) at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, ...

Recommended for you

Laser makes microscopes way cooler

Aug 15, 2014

(Phys.org) —Laser physicists have found a way to make atomic-force microscope probes 20 times more sensitive and capable of detecting forces as small as the weight of an individual virus.

User comments : 6

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (3) Jan 20, 2014
Hmmm... Sending up a bunch of particles and have it coalesce into a mirror. Now there's something even SciFi authors haven't dreamed up yet.

(Can we send up a bunch of gases and have them coalece into structured molecules/matter under the guidance of lasers? Orbital manufacturing from scratch: inside-out? Now THAT I'd like to see.)
Eikka
5 / 5 (1) Jan 20, 2014
Now there's something even SciFi authors haven't dreamed up yet.


Yes they have, with all sorts of "grey goo" scenarios and replicators. They just haven't even tried to explain how it would function on a technical level.
Soylent_Grin
3 / 5 (2) Jan 20, 2014
I read a story once (can't remember the author or title, though) that involved launching a can of nanites at an asteroid or comet, and following along behind it. When the humans landed, the assemblers had created a habitat and hot dinner waiting on the table.

It sure would be nice to have mature nanotech and molecular manufacturing in my lifetime. Primarily, because it would fundamentally change "lifetime". =)
Feldagast
not rated yet Jan 20, 2014
until the nanites become self aware and reconstruct you
Soylent_Grin
5 / 5 (1) Jan 20, 2014
until the nanites become self aware and reconstruct you

I'm not sure how much of a danger that would be. Half the cells in your body aren't human as it is, but I'm not worried about the bacteria gaining sentience. I don't see Assemblers as being any more complex, just better able to carry out instructions.
antialias_physorg
5 / 5 (1) Jan 21, 2014
Yes they have, with all sorts of "grey goo" scenarios and replicators.

We're not talking grey goo, replicators, nanites, etc. here. We're talking a passive matter cloud being coalesced out of 'thin air' via lasers to form a functional object. I've read/watched a lot of SciFi in my time, but I never ran accross anything like that.