Deforestation rates in Brazil surge, after years of progress to slow forest loss

Nov 18, 2013
Deforestation area. Credit: Brent Stirton / Getty images / WWF

The annual deforestation rate in Brazil rose 28 per cent, marking a reversal after several years of declining deforestation rates, according to data from the Brazilian Spatial Institute for August 2012-July2013.

The deforested area is 5,843 square kilometres, with the states of Mato Grosso, Roraima, Maranhão, and Pará leading the surge. Mato Grosso saw the most forest clearing, up from 757 km2 in 2012 to 1,149 in 2013, an increase of 52 per cent.

Only three states out of 10 in the Brazilian Amazon – Acre, Amapá and Tocantins – registered a drop in relative to the previous 12 months. In Acre state, illegal deforestation dropped from 305km2 to 199km2, a decline of around 35 per cent.

"Unfortunately there has been an increasing trend in in some states, but I would like to emphasize that the government commitment is to reverse this trend and any increase tendency. What we want is to eliminate illegal deforestation in the Amazon. For this we need the support of governments and society," said Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira.

Teixeira said illegal mining is the main cause of deforestation in Pará state. She also described a new dynamic of illegal action, in which large areas are cleared and abandoned, and then occupied years later in what could be a new type of land grabbing.

"Another different dynamic is the clearance of selected trees for illegal logging under the canopy. All this is being investigated," she said.

"When the world is astonished by the calamity in the Philippines, and engaged in another difficult UN climate conference in Poland, all Amazon countries should show the way for the whole world to commit to curbing ," said Claudio Maretti, leader of WWF's Living Amazon initiative.

Explore further: Food or fuel? How about both?

Related Stories

Destruction of Brazil's Amazon jumps 28 percent

Nov 14, 2013

Brazil's government reported Thursday that annual destruction of its Amazon rainforest jumped by 28 percent after four straight years of declines, an increase activists said was linked to recent loosening ...

Brazil says Amazon deforestation at record low

Nov 27, 2012

Deforestation of Brazil's Amazon has slowed for a fourth consecutive year to its lowest rate since authorities began monitoring the world's largest rainforest, officials said Tuesday.

Parts of Amazon on the verge of forest-to-grassland shift

Sep 03, 2013

The stability of the Amazon rainforest, and the ecosystem's resilience to widespread deforestation, may be much lower than previously thought. The replacement of stands of trees with grassland changes evapotranspiration rates ...

Recommended for you

Great Barrier Reef stays on UN watch list

3 hours ago

The Great Barrier Reef will remain under surveillance but not be listed as endangered, according to a draft recommendation to the UN's World Heritage Committee, published on Friday.

Food or fuel? How about both?

8 hours ago

In the United States, federal mandates to produce more renewable fuels, especially biofuels, have led to a growing debate: Should fuel or food grow on arable land? Recent research shows farmers can successfully, ...

Using desalination to address drought

8 hours ago

"It's a very interesting time in the water industry," says Carlos Riva '75, CEO of Poseidon Water, a company that is drawing attention as it develops, in Southern California, what will be the largest seawater ...

User comments : 0

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.