Field test could lead to reducing CO2 emissions worldwide

Jul 29, 2013

An injection of carbon dioxide, or CO2, has begun at a site in southeastern Washington to test deep geologic storage. Battelle researchers based at Pacific Northwest National Laboratoryare injecting 1,000 tons of CO2 one-half mile underground to see if the greenhouse gas can be stored safely and permanently in ancient basalt flows.

Boise Inc. teamed with Battelle, which operates PNNL for the U.S. Department of Energy, and Praxair, Inc. to conduct the CO2 injection phase of the pilot project. Injection is occurring on Boise property in deep basalt—the same massive ancient lava flows that underlie major portions of Washington, Oregon and Idaho. The joint research is conducted under the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, which is led by Montana State University and funded by DOE and a consortium of industrial partners. It is one of seven regional partnerships throughout the United States aimed at finding safe and economical ways to permanently store the nation's emissions.

"We have been conducting laboratory tests on basalts from the region for several years that have conclusively demonstrated the unique geochemical nature of basalts to quickly react with CO2 and form carbonate minerals or solid rock, the safest and most permanent form for storage in the subsurface," said Battelle project manager Pete McGrail. "However convincing the laboratory data may be, proving the same processes operate deep underground can only be done by conducting a successful field demonstration. We have taken the very first steps to do that here in Wallula."

During the next two to three weeks, Battelle scientists will work with Praxair technicians to inject into porous layers of basalt CO2that has been compressed into a liquid-like state. Thick and impermeable layers of rock above these porous layers will act as barriers or seals to prevent the CO2 from travelling vertically upward.

Over the next 14 months, fluid samples will be extracted from the injection well. Scientists will look for changes in chemical composition in comparison to baseline data compiled prior to injection. Scientists will also compare results to predictions made using PNNL's supercomputer. At the end of the monitoring period, rock samples will be taken from the well. They are expected to exhibit the formation of limestone crystals as a result of CO2 reacting with minerals in the basalt.

The Boise pulp and paper mill, located in the Columbia Basin between the Tri-Cities and Walla Walla, Wash., sits atop dozens of volcanic lava flows, extending down 8,000 feet or more. Like a stack of pancakes, these geologic layers were formed as volcanic lava flowed and cooled, one on top of the other.

In 2009, an injection well was drilled at the site confirming that basalt flows located immediately above and below the injection zone were nearly impermeable. Additional research conducted at the site in late 2012 indicated that the location is well suited for the pilot test.

"Boise is pleased to have worked with Battelle in recent years and to be a partner for this research that advances the science of geologic ," said Rich Garber, Boise environmental director. "At Boise Inc. we believe wisely using energy and resources is good for business and for our environment. Through various other means, we've reduced our 27 percent since 2004 at our manufacturing facilities. This collaborative effort with Battelle is an additional opportunity for us to build on that progress and demonstrate our commitment toward continuous environmental improvement."

According to recent DOE estimates, the United States and portions of Canada have enough potential capacity in geologic formations to store as much as 900 years of CO2 emissions. If the Wallula demonstration is successful, basalt flows in many parts of the world may serve as storage locations to store CO2 emissions from a variety of industrial facilities.

"Boise has been a fantastic partner and there is no question that this field research could not have been done without their unwavering support," said McGrail.

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MR166
1 / 5 (21) Jul 29, 2013
The US, AKA a government as smart as Detroit, will be bankrupt well before energy wasting boondoggles such as this can ever become mandated. 80% of US adults are jobless, in poverty or receiving monies from the government and people are still trying to destroy/waste our energy supply.
deepsand
2.9 / 5 (23) Jul 30, 2013
80% of US adults are jobless, in poverty or receiving monies from the government and people are still trying to destroy/waste our energy supply.

Of what value jobs and energy if ones environment is destroyed?

And, whatever gave you the idea that Big Energy provides jobs to the poor?
MR166
1.2 / 5 (20) Jul 30, 2013
"Of what value jobs and energy if ones environment is destroyed?

And, whatever gave you the idea that Big Energy provides jobs to the poor"

Sorry Sandy but there is no real proof that CO2 causes a dangerous amount of warming.

Energy is the source of almost all the jobs and wealth in a modern society. It was calculated that each individual uses an amount of energy equivalent to owing 100 slaves.
Neinsense99
2.7 / 5 (16) Jul 31, 2013
"Of what value jobs and energy if ones environment is destroyed?

And, whatever gave you the idea that Big Energy provides jobs to the poor"

Sorry Sandy but there is no real proof that CO2 causes a dangerous amount of warming.

Energy is the source of almost all the jobs and wealth in a modern society. It was calculated that each individual uses an amount of energy equivalent to owing 100 slaves.

Yeah, I always believe an 'it' calculated by anonymous sources, especially when it equals an impressive-sounding round number of something. You also talk about all energy, not the topic broached, which was 'Big Energy' (oil, natural gas, nuclear, hydroelectric). At the adult table, please observe the adult rules.
MR166
1.3 / 5 (14) Jul 31, 2013
To claim that "Big Energy" is not a huge source of well paying jobs and not to basis of the US economy is just plain silly.
Neinsense99
1.9 / 5 (13) Jul 31, 2013
To claim that "Big Energy" is not a huge source of well paying jobs and not to basis of the US economy is just plain silly.

To tilt at straw men because you have no sound argument is worse than just plain silly, it's also pathetic.
MR166
1.3 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
NoSense you are right, energy has no effect on the economy of a nation. We could just as well plow our fields with mules and I am sure that NYC would have no problem disposing of 500 tons of horse manure per day as it did in the past.
antialias_physorg
4.2 / 5 (6) Aug 01, 2013
To claim that "Big Energy" is not a huge source of well paying jobs and not to basis of the US economy is just plain silly.

And when energy comes from other sources - do you think those will supply less (or less well paying) jobs? Certainly the jobs will be a lot better for the health of the worker.

All studies to date done over here (germany) show that there are now more people working in the energy sector due to the changover and their average disposable income is higher than it was in that sector before (which is mainly due to manual labor, like mining, being phased out and the newly created jobs requiring higher technical skills/better education).
MR166
1.4 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
I was just pointing out that "Big Energy" DOES create jobs and eliminate poverty. Some hate energy producers so much they cannot see the importance of their contribution to society.
antialias_physorg
4.3 / 5 (6) Aug 01, 2013
Comparatively they destroy jobs (i.e. without them the stuff that steps into the breach creates more). So there is an argument to be made there for 'Big Energy' being a net negative factor in job creation/economic impact on the individual

And seeing as how all the Big Energy companies like Exxon, GE, United Technologies and American Electric Power intermittently don't pay ANY taxes - to the point of paying negative taxes (i.e. receiving taxpayer handouts - read: subsidies - while boasting record profits) - they certainly aren't helping the nation's economy....only their own.

http://www.mother...tax-rate
antigoracle
1.3 / 5 (14) Aug 01, 2013
The world won't be destroyed by CO2, but by human stupidity like this, which is propagated by AGW Alarmist lies that's fed by greed for the dollar.
Neinsense99
2 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
NoSense you are right, energy has no effect on the economy of a nation. We could just as well plow our fields with mules and I am sure that NYC would have no problem disposing of 500 tons of horse manure per day as it did in the past.

Name calling in a sarcastic retort against what you pretend other people claimed. Typical sophist.
Neinsense99
1.9 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
NoSense you are right, energy has no effect on the economy of a nation. We could just as well plow our fields with mules and I am sure that NYC would have no problem disposing of 500 tons of horse manure per day as it did in the past.

Name-calling in a sarcastic retort against what you pretend other people claimed. Typical sophist when the going gets tough and the tough get even more irrational.
VendicarE
2.8 / 5 (6) Aug 01, 2013
"The world won't be destroyed by CO2" - Anti-Gore-Tard

"Smoking Doesn't cause Cancer" - Rush Limbaugh
"Smoking Isn't addictive." - Rush Limbaugh
MR166
1 / 5 (11) Aug 01, 2013
"Comparatively they destroy jobs (i.e. without them the stuff that steps into the breach creates more)."

Any time you raise the cost of production of an item, whether it is food, energy or consumer goods, you lower everyone's standard of of living. Using you logic, farm machinery should be banned since it destroys jobs.
MR166
1 / 5 (11) Aug 01, 2013
"Name calling in a sarcastic retort against what you pretend other people claimed. Typical sophist."

OK I'm sorry for that, nein is no in German and I could not resist the temptation.
antialias_physorg
4 / 5 (5) Aug 01, 2013
Any time you raise the cost of production of an item, whether it is food, energy or consumer goods, you lower everyone's standard of of living.

Agreed. Since nuclear, coal an oil are an order of magnitude more expensive per kWh generated (taking all anicallary and hidden costs into account) then it's pretty clear that we need to dump 'Big Energy' as soon as possible. It's just a massive drain on everyone's wallet.

Using you logic, farm machinery should be banned since it destroys jobs.

But farm machinery LOWERS the cost of producing food (which means everyone can afford more other stuff: i.e. has gotten richer in the process). And there's not really all that many people that want to toil in the fields or cannot find better paid jobs elsewhere.
What was your argument again?
MR166
1 / 5 (12) Aug 01, 2013
"Agreed. Since nuclear, coal an oil are an order of magnitude more expensive per kWh generated (taking all anicallary and hidden costs into account) then it's pretty clear that we need to dump 'Big Energy' as soon as possible. It's just a massive drain on everyone's wallet"

Me thinks that you might just have to prove that statement.
antigoracle
1 / 5 (12) Aug 01, 2013
"The world won't be destroyed by CO2" - Anti-Gore-Tard

"Smoking Doesn't cause Cancer" - Rush Limbaugh
"Smoking Isn't addictive." - Rush Limbaugh

Thanks for confirming the stupidity of the cult.
Neinsense99
2 / 5 (12) Aug 01, 2013
"The world won't be destroyed by CO2" - Anti-Gore-Tard

"Smoking Doesn't cause Cancer" - Rush Limbaugh
"Smoking Isn't addictive." - Rush Limbaugh

Rush was never addicted to anything, he was merely displaying the fundamental freedom to employ 'intermittent willpower', as protected under the 436th amendment. http://www.cnn.co...:SHOWBIZ
Neinsense99
1.9 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
"The world won't be destroyed by CO2" - Anti-Gore-Tard

"Smoking Doesn't cause Cancer" - Rush Limbaugh
"Smoking Isn't addictive." - Rush Limbaugh

Thanks for confirming the stupidity of the cult.

So predictable. So empty of content. So embarrassing. Nobody ever said the world would be destroyed by CO2, other than the straw man in your closet.
MR166
1 / 5 (13) Aug 01, 2013
"So predictable. So empty of content. So embarrassing. Nobody ever said the world would be destroyed by CO2, other than the straw man in your closet."

Really!
Water_Prophet
1.4 / 5 (11) Aug 01, 2013
Ye prattle about the enfeebled air, when it is the blessed water that changes the world. To bury accursed air is folly. The creation of the foul'd air and blessed water are a balance.
Neinsense99
1.7 / 5 (11) Aug 02, 2013
"The world won't be destroyed by CO2" - Anti-Gore-Tard

"Smoking Doesn't cause Cancer" - Rush Limbaugh
"Smoking Isn't addictive." - Rush Limbaugh

Thanks for confirming the stupidity of the cult.

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