Minority rules: Scientists discover tipping point for the spread of ideas

Jul 25, 2011
In this visualization, we see the tipping point where minority opinion (shown in red) quickly becomes majority opinion. Over time, the minority opinion grows. Once the minority opinion reached 10 percent of the population, the network quickly changes as the minority opinion takes over the original majority opinion (shown in green). Credit: SCNARC/Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have found that when just 10 percent of the population holds an unshakable belief, their belief will always be adopted by the majority of the society. The scientists, who are members of the Social Cognitive Networks Academic Research Center (SCNARC) at Rensselaer, used computational and analytical methods to discover the tipping point where a minority belief becomes the majority opinion. The finding has implications for the study and influence of societal interactions ranging from the spread of innovations to the movement of political ideals.

"When the number of committed holders is below 10 percent, there is no visible progress in the spread of ideas. It would literally take the amount of time comparable to the age of the universe for this size group to reach the majority," said SCNARC Director Boleslaw Szymanski, the Claire and Roland Schmitt Distinguished Professor at Rensselaer. "Once that number grows above 10 percent, the idea spreads like flame."

As an example, the ongoing events in Tunisia and Egypt appear to exhibit a similar process, according to Szymanski. "In those countries, dictators who were in power for decades were suddenly overthrown in just a few weeks."

The findings were published in the July 22, 2011, early online edition of the journal Physical Review E in an article titled "Social consensus through the influence of committed ."

An important aspect of the finding is that the percent of committed opinion holders required to shift does not change significantly regardless of the type of network in which the opinion holders are working. In other words, the percentage of committed opinion holders required to influence a society remains at approximately 10 percent, regardless of how or where that opinion starts and spreads in the society.

To reach their conclusion, the scientists developed computer models of various types of social networks. One of the networks had each person connect to every other person in the network. The second model included certain individuals who were connected to a large number of people, making them opinion hubs or leaders. The final model gave every person in the model roughly the same number of connections. The initial state of each of the models was a sea of traditional-view holders. Each of these individuals held a view, but were also, importantly, open minded to other views.

Once the networks were built, the scientists then "sprinkled" in some true believers throughout each of the networks. These people were completely set in their views and unflappable in modifying those beliefs. As those true believers began to converse with those who held the traditional belief system, the tides gradually and then very abruptly began to shift.

"In general, people do not like to have an unpopular opinion and are always seeking to try locally to come to consensus. We set up this dynamic in each of our models," said SCNARC Research Associate and corresponding paper author Sameet Sreenivasan. To accomplish this, each of the individuals in the models "talked" to each other about their opinion. If the listener held the same opinions as the speaker, it reinforced the listener's belief. If the opinion was different, the listener considered it and moved on to talk to another person. If that person also held this new belief, the listener then adopted that belief.

"As agents of change start to convince more and more people, the situation begins to change," Sreenivasan said. "People begin to question their own views at first and then completely adopt the new view to spread it even further. If the true believers just influenced their neighbors, that wouldn't change anything within the larger system, as we saw with percentages less than 10."

The research has broad implications for understanding how opinion spreads. "There are clearly situations in which it helps to know how to efficiently spread some opinion or how to suppress a developing opinion," said Associate Professor of Physics and co-author of the paper Gyorgy Korniss. "Some examples might be the need to quickly convince a town to move before a hurricane or spread new information on the prevention of disease in a rural village."

The researchers are now looking for partners within the social sciences and other fields to compare their computational models to historical examples. They are also looking to study how the percentage might change when input into a model where the society is polarized. Instead of simply holding one traditional view, the society would instead hold two opposing viewpoints. An example of this polarization would be Democrat versus Republican.

Explore further: All together now – three evolutionary perks of singing

Related Stories

Popular opinion not always so popular

Jan 10, 2008

Whether you're a voter choosing the next president, a manager making policy decisions or a consumer selecting a brand, it's likely your decision is influenced by the opinions of others.

Who buys what? Research finds clues to marketing innovation

Jul 27, 2010

Introducing innovative new products and ideas to the marketplace can be a tricky proposition. Sometimes they take off immediately (like the iPod) and sometimes they can take a while to garner consumer confidence (like the ...

Recommended for you

All together now – three evolutionary perks of singing

Dec 24, 2014

We're enjoying the one time of year when protests of "I can't sing!" are laid aside and we sing carols with others. For some this is a once-a-year special event; the rest of the year is left to the professionals ...

We're simply having an analogue Christmas time

Dec 23, 2014

The British Christmas that Charles Dickens serves up to us is rich in food and warmth, two things that in his day were often thinly stretched throughout the year in many homes. These days, for most of the y ...

User comments : 49

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Isaacsname
4.8 / 5 (16) Jul 25, 2011
Geez, this explains mass stupidity very well.
Tuxford
2.7 / 5 (14) Jul 25, 2011
Does this mean the Tea Party will one day dominate?
FrankHerbert
Jul 25, 2011
This comment has been removed by a moderator.
thales
4.8 / 5 (6) Jul 25, 2011
So what if 11% are committed to an opinion and 11% are committed to the opposite opinion?

I guess you'd end up with a country evenly split on its political opinions.
emsquared
3.4 / 5 (5) Jul 25, 2011
Does this mean the Tea Party will one day dominate?

You didn't read the last paragraph of the article, did you?
Telekinetic
2.6 / 5 (12) Jul 25, 2011
The spread of Christianity in Rome comes to mind, although the idea may need to be entrenched prior in another, similar form:
"Christianity had many similarities to other cults that had already gained widespread acceptance. Mithraism, derived from eastern Zoroastrism was a belief in the son of the sun who also came to earth to rescue mankind from itself. The similarities in the stories of Jesus and Mithras cannot be overlooked as an aid in Christian growth. Mithras was extremely popular in the Legions, and as the army traveled throughout the empire, the acceptance of the monotheistic concept (and the story of the son of god coming to earth to save humanity) traveled with it."
The Catholic Church established itself as the final form by eliminating other rivalling adherents of Christian ideology by murdering them.
dogbert
1.7 / 5 (12) Jul 25, 2011
It is an interesting simulation which probably has little to do with real world dynamics.

Seldom, if ever, does a society divide itself along such simple lines. Human beings are far more complex and their interactions are far more complex than this.
hush1
not rated yet Jul 25, 2011
This is pure Frankfurter School. This reflects recent history, including Norway.
Birthmark
not rated yet Jul 25, 2011
No wonder so many people are mindless sheep.
Telekinetic
2.5 / 5 (10) Jul 25, 2011
It is an interesting simulation which probably has little to do with real world dynamics.

Seldom, if ever, does a society divide itself along such simple lines. Human beings are far more complex and their interactions are far more complex than this.

The rise of Nazism is proof of this basic tendency to mass psychology. People who resist popular destructive beliefs are often in the minority at any given time.
bottomlesssoul
3.7 / 5 (6) Jul 25, 2011
I have never liked true believers. Closed minds are a terrible thing to waste.
gwrede
2.3 / 5 (3) Jul 25, 2011
No wonder so many people are mindless sheep.

No wonder, _since_ so many people are mindless sheep.
ryggesogn2
1.9 / 5 (13) Jul 25, 2011
"The research has broad implications for understanding how opinion spreads. "There are clearly situations in which it helps to know how to efficiently spread some opinion or how to suppress a developing opinion," "
It worked for the NAZIs and 'progressives'.
But that was when they could control the media.
jonnyboy
3 / 5 (6) Jul 25, 2011
and also explains the rapidly rising power of the Tea Party. I would suggest that if you are currently living off of government grants, welfare, etc. that you rapidly find a career or family member who will take you in.
Telekinetic
2.5 / 5 (11) Jul 25, 2011
"The research has broad implications for understanding how opinion spreads. "There are clearly situations in which it helps to know how to efficiently spread some opinion or how to suppress a developing opinion," "
It worked for the NAZIs and 'progressives'.
But that was when they could control the media.

Only a Nazi would say that.
OnceReturned
3.7 / 5 (3) Jul 25, 2011
"When the number of committed opinion holders is below 10 percent, there is no visible progress in the spread of ideas."

If so, how does an idea spread from the first people who have it to 10% or more of the population?
Eikka
3.9 / 5 (7) Jul 25, 2011
"When the number of committed opinion holders is below 10 percent, there is no visible progress in the spread of ideas."

If so, how does an idea spread from the first people who have it to 10% or more of the population?


Persistent preaching.
Isaacsname
5 / 5 (3) Jul 25, 2011
"When the number of committed opinion holders is below 10 percent, there is no visible progress in the spread of ideas."

If so, how does an idea spread from the first people who have it to 10% or more of the population?


Subconscious and subliminal perceptions, especially of supernormal stimulus in the form of advertising trends .It's insanity to belittle the effects from subliminal stimuli by saying the effects don't last more than a few days, then turn a blind eye to the constant bombardment we face.

I would be interested to see if this research would hold true for something different, like clothing trends.

What this comes down to is that people in groups exhibit herd-like behavior. It only takes a few individuals to start a stampede, imo.
XQZME
1 / 5 (3) Jul 25, 2011
In some cases, opinion spreads more effectively than facts. Witness California's disfunctional government.
ziphead
3.1 / 5 (7) Jul 25, 2011
It would appear that masses are generally good at detecting passion for cause. They may not necessarily be able to tell whether the ideas presented make sense, but they can recognize and respect those willing to live and die for their beliefs. Regretfully, we haven't had anyone like that coming from rational science circles since Copernicus days.

So one can respond to a finding like this in one of the two ways.

1. One can bitch about how stupidity is contagious and masses are gullible at random nerditoriums.

2. Or, one can say game on, connect with the like-minded and start movement of their own. All you need it 10%...
ryggesogn2
1.9 / 5 (13) Jul 25, 2011
Let's start spreading this idea:

"The stupendous spending of democratic governments, he says, doesnt signal the demise of the market economy. Rather, it indicates the cost of saving it the cost, in other words, of rehab. In fact, though, treatment of this kind can kill you. Its akin to blood-letting, the morbid practice of draining away peoples lives to assist their healing.

In these reflections, Canada again looks good. Canadian governments spend less than 40 per cent of GDP. By WCR assessment, Canada is the seventh most competitive nation on Earth. (The U.S., debt crisis notwithstanding, ties with Hong Kong at No. 1.) Virtue hath its own rewards, and Canada has kept the faith"
http://www.theglo...2106986/
la7dfa
4 / 5 (11) Jul 25, 2011
Will be interesting to watch the decline of religions.
In my country (Norway), I think we have reached critical mass for Christianity. Now its perfectly normal to ask the real questions about the content of the Bible. E.g. why does not prayer work, when the Bible actually tells us it does.
If you are in doubt, just rip off a limb and start praying.
la7dfa
3.2 / 5 (9) Jul 25, 2011
As most know, a Christian mainiac killed nearly 100 teenagers near Oslo last week. We dont need these nuts or their twisted beliefs.
Telekinetic
2.5 / 5 (11) Jul 25, 2011
As most know, a Christian mainiac killed nearly 100 teenagers near Oslo last week. We dont need these nuts or their twisted beliefs.

Some mass murderers hear the voice of God, others the Devil, and one has claimed to have been commanded by a dog, but it's insanity in the end. Does religion foster insanity, or is religious belief a symptom of it? I would expect that Norway is searching for answers in a religious context now despite questioning the Bible's content.
brodix
2.4 / 5 (8) Jul 25, 2011
I figured out a long time ago that the people in charge write the rules. The visionaries are in charge because they wrote the rules. The bureaucrats write the rules because they are in charge. So I spend my time studying the rules.
The problem with monotheism: Absolute is basis, not apex, so a spiritual absolute would be the essence from which we rise, not an ideal from which we fell.
The problem with capitalism: Money is a contract, not a commodity.
The problem with physics: Time is not a vector from past to future, but the process of the future becoming the past. The patterns are effect, process is cause.
Because complexity goes parabolic when multiple frames are interacting, the tendency is to combine into one larger frame and reality becomes a function of centers of attraction, warping the space around them and competing with others. Whether galaxies, or politics.
MRyan
5 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
This is nothing new, it has been used for ever. We even see this now. For anyone that watched the national addresses earlier, you saw a perfect example. Both blaming the other and each trying to use key words and interests that will sway as many as they can to their support. Media, politicians, televangelists, priests, and many many more use this. Most of them actually believe the same things that they say and teach, only because someone before them used techniques based on this same theory. For as long as there have people in power over others there have been people that study human nature and the effects of mob mentality were easy enough for people to understand and break it down.
jimbo92107
5 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2011
Sounds like they developed a graphical way of depicting something a lot of people have known for a long time.
frajo
5 / 5 (3) Jul 26, 2011
The model "committed minority" plus "open-minded majority" is a very crude simplification of reality. It doesn't take into consideration the complex interactions within the small "committed" minorities or the adverse effects of too "committed" preachers. It fails to describe reality when exclusively asserting open-mindedness to "traditional views" and rigidity to "true believers", disregarding any different constellation.
The fundamental error is the lack to see the difference between avantgarde thinkers and stubborn sectarians. Both are committed minorities, but stubborn sectarians are closed-minded followers while avantgarde thinkers are much more open-minded than the inert "don't care" majority.
Historically, avantgarde thinkers prepare the future, sectarians try to avoid the future, and the majority doesn't care because they are busy trying to survive the day.

Finally, there's the minority in power. They are committed to stay in power, no matter how.
H_Gauthier_III
5 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2011
I am curious to know if the opinions were only digital -- yes or no, in relation to if the opinion was held.

Opinions are various shades of 'belief' in the concept. When 'talking' agents convince each other to one degree or another a third possibility in influencing opinion is the creation of a 'third opinion' (yes, no, a new hybrid opinion). Are the authors of the study willing/able to incorporate such a possibility into future studies? I mean, beyond 'holds both opinions.' Rather than being ambiguous in their belief, some agents are capable of creating a novel opinion taking specific elements from the previous two opinions, which then competes (supplants?) the previous opinions.
rawa1
1 / 5 (5) Jul 26, 2011
We can experience many physical phenomena during spreading of new ideas. For example, we can observe the concentration of antimatter, i.e. the dark matter around condensing proponents of new ideas, i.e. the layer of opponents, who have no better job, then just to oppose these new ideas passionately.
Isaacsname
3 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
I think two good examples of this are Benny Hinn and his followers ( Turn sound off for this, trust me ):

http://www.youtub...U-DislkI

And " martial arts " practitioners :

http://www.youtub...aCIDvj6I

Both of those vids demonstrate mass gulliblity, disturbing in that they are representative of a state of willing ignorance based soley on what they believe other people will think about them and their choice to uphold something as real or tangible.

Religion is nothing but spiritual sophism, fake " masters ' and their students live in fantasyland.
ryggesogn2
2 / 5 (13) Jul 26, 2011
As most know, a Christian mainiac killed nearly 100 teenagers near Oslo last week. We dont need these nuts or their twisted beliefs.

Charles Manson murdered because the Beatles told him to.
Ban all Beatles music!
Isaacsname
1 / 5 (1) Jul 26, 2011
As most know, a Christian mainiac killed nearly 100 teenagers near Oslo last week. We dont need these nuts or their twisted beliefs.

Charles Manson murdered because the Beatles told him to.
Ban all Beatles music!


No, Manson didn't murder anybody. You help prove the point of this article.
frajo
5 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
Both of those vids demonstrate mass gulliblity
...
Religion is nothing but spiritual sophism, fake " masters ' and their students live in fantasyland.

Impressive jump from two videos (one picture lies more than 1000 words) to an erroneous generalization used as verbal aggression.
Lack of empathy creates artefacts of this kind.
COCO
1 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
is this why there are so many people speaking foolishly about 911 and not believing in the NIST report and all the supporting research (Seffen) indicating this was a deed done my the Bin and his people?
Isaacsname
not rated yet Jul 26, 2011
Both of those vids demonstrate mass gulliblity
...
Religion is nothing but spiritual sophism, fake " masters ' and their students live in fantasyland.

Impressive jump from two videos (one picture lies more than 1000 words) to an erroneous generalization used as verbal aggression.
Lack of empathy creates artefacts of this kind.

How so ? They both demonstrate people will believe and go along with something due to social pressure regardless of it's falsifiability.

Apparently, it takes 10% of a group to cause this leap in logic.
Gammakozy
1 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
For a deeper understanding of the current findings I suggest reading up on the Elliott Wave Theory. Ralph Elliott discovered the rules for mass psychology almost 80 years ago. Today the Elliott Wave Theory, or Principle, is a widely used mathematical tool for predicting market movements and is the underlying algorithm for most computer driven investment programs. The real significance of the current study is that it demonsstrates that 10% "true believers" can turn their belief into a major impulse wave. Elliott's waves always undergo corrections, however, so whether or not they persist is a different story.
Callippo
1 / 5 (3) Jul 26, 2011
Who remembered this article in this connection? I's basically about the same stuff...

http://www.physor...rve.html

We can put a general question, why many phase transforms are considerably faster, than their corresponding steady states. IMO it's given with special perspective of the space-time, which we are living in. This space-time itself is formed with gradients like the water surface, so that the gradients are everything, what intelligent creatures can experience from it. If we would be a silly primitive organisms, then the stellar explosions would appear a much more gradual for us.
Callippo
1 / 5 (2) Jul 26, 2011
There is important aspect of sudden changes, which could be generalized easily. These changes appear sudden, because they're far away from our dimensional scale. It's sorta teleobjective perspective: the distant events appear more close each other, than these less distant ones. For example, the acceptation of Christianity or relativity theory may appear like sudden process for us from our distant perspective. But from perspective of its contemporaries it was actually a pretty slow gradual process, which took many generations.

The same perspective could be applied to Big Bang event - whereas it appears like giant sudden event from our distant perspective, we could face such process even by now in our close neighborhood. The event horizon of black holes appears sharp from distance, whereas from proximity it would appear like fuzzball surrounded with stellar clouds or like the galaxy.
frajo
not rated yet Jul 27, 2011
Both of those vids demonstrate mass gulliblity
...
Religion is nothing but spiritual sophism, fake " masters ' and their students live in fantasyland.

Impressive jump from two videos (one picture lies more than 1000 words) to an erroneous generalization used as verbal aggression.
Lack of empathy creates artefacts of this kind.

How so ? They both demonstrate people will believe and go along with something due to social pressure regardless of it's falsifiability.
Videos demonstrate nothing but the skills of its producer.

Just another "demonstrate nothing but" statement which is a generalizing statement.
Generalizing statements can easily be falsified by showing the existence of just one case contrary to the statement.
Provided the sentence contains no rubber terms like "spiritual sophism" in which case it's not a statement but only the verbal expression of a superposition of vague emotions.
Isaacsname
not rated yet Jul 27, 2011
Sophism is not a " rubber term " my friend, it is the eloquent spinning of BS, it matters not what is sold.

Show me the opposite of Benny Hinn if you can then, Mr falsifiable. Show me something that point's to a contradiction in the logic displayed by religious followers and wannabe Bruce Lee's.

I would love to see the opposite of a room filled with self-dillusioned folks.

Viewmaster
1 / 5 (1) Jul 27, 2011
BRODIX is wrong on two items: He says money is a contract, not a commodity. In original usage it was a commodity. Scripture's (my authority) word translated "money" is Keceph and literally means silver: mainstay of daily trade for 3000 years - after 580 BC with coins. Copper for lesser units. (Gold rare, for ship trades). Federal Reserve $ is a paper-electronic FRAUD of usury bankers now sucking 40 % of fed costs. End it. Repudiate such money/debt and use silver again! In 1910 South farmhands paid 10c (2.25 grams Ag) per hour. No more silver now, many more people: thus wages to restart lower.
---------------------------------------------
Time is a VECTOR of two dimensions: Real/imaginary. Physics and consciousness. Most don't know this and the rest of time's "secret" quality! I wrote how this solves dilemmas! But my MIT quantum advisor killed my idea, pushed her own! She's famous, I'm nobody. Not a "professional" scientist now. Nobody listens. 10% wave effect is real!
Viewmaster
not rated yet Jul 27, 2011
GAMMAKOZY Thanks for reminding us of the Elliott Effect...
once drilled into a few of us long ago by our rare high school history teacher as his own "secret" to events. (His name was Elliott too! Ralph's descendant? He never said.)

Basically the herd has no hard beliefs and so follows intense others who follow leaders that are presented as "respectful" by public relations manipulators, who run the show! See...

"Propaganda" (1928) by "first public relations council" Edward Bernays who hyped the US into entering World War I, people to smoke tobacco (notably new manufactured cigarettes), putting fluoride (mind numbing) in public water (he drank fresh water) eating pork (he's a Jew who didn't!), using his Uncle Freud's psychobabble of mind control, and listening to new CBS radio to hear... Controlled News! Retired, he wrote the book to his henchmen. He said in a democracy the govt is not run by ones who seem to run it, but by hidden ones (his kind!) Search it!
Telekinetic
1 / 5 (5) Jul 27, 2011
"The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society."
Where does he say "Jews" in this quote as you've inferred "his kind"? An anti-Semite would read that into the statement above, because the propaganda you've fallen for says Jews run the country, own the banks, control the media, etc. Who is your manipulator, Joseph Goebbels? Do me a favor and drop dead.
frajo
not rated yet Jul 28, 2011
Sophism is not a " rubber term "
Yes. But "spiritual sophism" is.
it is the eloquent spinning of BS, it matters not what is sold.
You are self-contradicting. As it doesn't matter what is sold (true), it doesn't matter whether it is BS or wisdom. It's the untruthful method of arguing that constitutes sophism.
Show me the opposite of Benny Hinn if you can
I can't. Because there's no reasonable definition for "the opposite of Benny Hinn". I can negate logical statements, but not a character.
Show me something that point's to a contradiction in the logic displayed by religious followers and wannabe Bruce Lee's.
The "logic displayed by religious followers" has no meaning. What logic? What is a "wannabe Bruce Lee"?
I can find contradictions in given sets of statements. But you don't provide me with sets of statements. You're conveying solely emotions.
Magnette
not rated yet Jul 28, 2011
This is all new to me so don't shoot me down too much!

So, for example, would this study and the Elliott Effect apply to YEC's in the US?
A notion that has gotten out of hand and effectively becomes viral within the wider community with the effect that it must be true because so many people say it is?
lairdwilcox
1 / 5 (1) Jul 31, 2011
I don't think this finding is particularly new. The idea of a tipping point has been around for quite awhile. The one area that is not addressed is whether the ideas are good or bad and from the research it appears as if it doesn't matter. Popular ideas are the bane of the human race, and when a bad idea becomes popular it's hardly "progress."

Gustav Le Bon observed, "One of the most constant characteristics of beliefs is their intolerance. The stronger the belief, the greater the intolerance. Men dominated by a certitude cannot tolerate those who do not accept it." (Opinions and Beliefs, 1911).
jamesrm
not rated yet Jul 31, 2011
"I would love to see the opposite of a room filled with self-dillusioned(sic) folks."

DARKNESS VISIBLE: 2010 summer conference
http://www.ast.ca...gs/dv10/

The Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge, summer conference will focus on Dark Matter, bring together recent progress in astrophysical studies, direct and indirect detection experiments, and the LHC. Couldn't resisit :)

Fnords Everywhere
In these novels, the interjection "fnord" is given hypnotic power over the unenlightened. Under the Illuminati program, children in grade school are taught to be unable to consciously see the word "fnord". For the rest of their lives, every appearance of the word subconsciously generates a feeling of uneasiness and confusion, and prevents rational consideration of the subject. This results in a perpetual low-grade state of fear in the populace.
Callippo
1 / 5 (2) Jul 31, 2011
In history we know about many symmetric situations, when small minority never got the credit from the mainstream, despite of their uncomfortable opinions were true. If the opinion of minority wouldn't correspond with background opinion of the rest at least a bit, the idea would never become widespread. For example, the Nazis in Germany would never gain their popularity, if every poor German would love the Jews (which they didn't at all).

We could say, their opinion weren't loud enough, but it wasn't problem of these particular preachers. The problem is, the majority of people tends to simple, convenient and comfortable answers and solutions.
eldono
not rated yet Jul 31, 2011
10% of the US means around 30,000,000 people. The Tea Party is far from that. Since populations are usually made up of over 70% without an opinion, then 10% of the remaining 25% or so can be significant. Ever heard of the 100th monkey?

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.