Bionic liquids from lignin: New results pave the way for closed loop biofuel refineries
(Phys.org) —While the powerful solvents known as ionic liquids show great promise for liberating fermentable sugars from lignocellulose and improving the economics of advanced biofuels, an even more promising ...
Water's reaction with metal oxides opens doors for researchers
A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
A breath reveals a hidden image in anti-counterfeit drug labels
An outline of Marilyn Monroe's iconic face appeared on the clear, plastic film when a researcher fogs it with her breath.
Researchers discover ant rivals mix venom creating first instance of naturally occurring ionic liquid
Scientists develop pioneering new spray-on solar cells
(Phys.org) —A team of scientists at the University of Sheffield are the first to fabricate perovskite solar cells using a spray-painting process – a discovery that could help cut the cost of solar electricity.
Highly efficient nanoparticles could bring down the cost of fuel cells
(Phys.org) —Fuel cells are a promising, non-polluting way to power cars, but their platinum catalysts are so expensive that there's no way current technology could be economically scaled up for widespread ...
A noble gas cage: New material traps gases from nuclear fuel better
When nuclear fuel gets recycled, the process releases radioactive krypton and xenon gases. Naturally occurring uranium in rock contaminates basements with the related gas radon. A new porous material called ...
Water leads to chemical that gunks up biofuels production
Trying to understand the chemistry that turns plant material into the same energy-rich gasoline and diesel we put in our vehicles, researchers have discovered that water in the conversion process helps form ...
Engineering long-lasting joint lubrication by mimicking nature
By finding a way to bind a slippery molecule naturally found in the fluid that surrounds healthy joints, Johns Hopkins researchers have engineered surfaces that have the potential to deliver long-lasting lubrication at specific ...
Cherry picking molecules based on their Pi electrons
Specialized windshield glass, everyday plastic water bottles, and countless other products are based on ethylene, a simple two-carbon molecule, which requires an energy-intense separation process to pluck ...
Chemists uncover powerful new click chemistry reactivity
Chemists led by Nobel laureate K. Barry Sharpless at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have used his click chemistry to uncover unprecedented, powerful reactivity for making new drugs, diagnostics, plastics, smart materials ...
To bolster lithium battery life, add a little salt
(Phys.org) —Cornell chemical engineers have achieved a breakthrough in the race to achieve safer, longer-lasting batteries to power the world's automobiles, cell phones, computers and autonomous robots.
New material could be used for energy storage
(Phys.org) —Lawrence Livermore researchers have made a material that is 10 times stronger and stiffer than traditional aerogels of the same density.
Tattoo biobatteries produce power from sweat
In the future, working up a sweat by exercising may not only be good for your health, but it could also power your small electronic devices. Researchers will report today that they have designed a sensor ...