Researchers create the first artificial neural network out of DNA
Artificial intelligence has been the inspiration for countless books and movies, as well as the aspiration of countless scientists and engineers. Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) ...
New algorithm provides new insights into evolutionary exodus out of Africa
Researchers have probed deeper into human evolution by developing an elegant new technique to analyse whole genomes from different populations. One key finding from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute's study is that African ...
Before animals first walked on land, fish carried gene program for limbs
Genetic instructions for developing limbs and digits were present in primitive fish millions of years before their descendants first crawled on to land, researchers have discovered.
Potato genome sequenced
The Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium (PGSC), a team of scientists from institutions worldwide, including Virginia Tech, has published its findings in the Sunday July 10 online issue of the journal Nature.
Termites' digestive system could act as biofuel refinery
One of the peskiest household pests, while disastrous to homes, could prove to be a boon for cars, according to a Purdue University study.
Tasmanian devil's genome sequenced
A revolutionary species-preservation approach based on whole-genome analyses of two Tasmanian devils -- one that had died of a contagious cancer known as Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) and one healthy animal ...
Blue light enables genes to turn on
Biologists discover how yeast cells reverse aging
Human cells have a finite lifespan: They can only divide a certain number of times before they die. However, that lifespan is reset when reproductive cells are formed, which is why the children of a 20-year-old ...
How dense is a cell? Researchers have devised a way to answer that question
More than 2,000 years after Archimedes found a way to determine the density of a kings crown by measuring its mass in two different fluids, MIT scientists have used the same principle to solve an equally ...
Study of biomarker development in mice provides a roadmap for a similar approach in humans
Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have demonstrated in mice that the performance of a novel biomarker-development pipeline using targeted mass spectrometry is robust enough to support the use of an analogous ...
A knockout resource for mouse genetics
An international consortium of researchers report today in Nature that they have knocked out almost 40 per cent of the genes in the mouse genome. The completed resource will power studies of gene activity in models of hum ...
Using microbes to generate electricity
Using bacteria to generate energy is a signifiant step closer following a breakthrough discovery by scientists at the University of East Anglia.
Scientists cultivate human brain's most ubiquitous cell in lab dish
Pity the lowly astrocyte, the most common cell in the human nervous system.
New level of genetic diversity in human RNA sequences uncovered
A detailed comparison of DNA and RNA in human cells has uncovered a surprising number of cases where the corresponding sequences are not, as has long been assumed, identical. The RNA-DNA differences generate proteins that ...