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Designing a tiny new tool to map and treat children's brain cancer

Designing a tiny new tool to map and treat children's brain cancer
Medulloblastoma cells following delivery of AF647 siRNA via the new nanoparticles designed by AIBN researchers. Credit: AIBN

Medulloblastoma is the most common cancerous brain tumor in children, and fighting it requires an approach that is delicate, durable, and direct. Now a group of researchers at UQ's Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN) believe they've got a new tool that's perfect for the job.

A fluoropolymer-engineered iron oxide nanoparticle developed by Dr. Helen Forgham and Dr. Ruirui Qiao could be the ideal vehicle to simultaneously treat, map and monitor the notoriously challenging to reach children's brain cancer medulloblastoma.

This cancer develops at the base of the brain and receives inadvertent protection from the blood brain barrier, meaning regular treatment methods are often ineffective or cause .

Dr. Forgham and Dr. Qiao say their new tool could help avoid damage to cells.

"The we have designed are small enough to carry therapeutics through the protective , durable enough to make the journey to the tumor, and are made from materials that allow them to be picked up by imaging technology," Dr. Qiao says.

"What we have is something much more than a drug delivery device. It could change the way we approach the most common cancerous children's brain tumor."

In a study published in Advanced Science, Dr. Forgham, Dr. Qiao and their collaborators demonstrate the benefits of their new nanoparticles and show why they could be the ideal multifaceted weapon against Medulloblastoma.

Dr. Forgham says, notably, these nanoparticles are the ideal vehicle for delivering small interfering RNA (siRNA) directly to the brain cancer site, slowing tumor growth without causing signs of toxicity.

Crucially, an iron oxide core means the nanoparticles also double as an imaging tool.

"This iron oxide core means they can be picked up by imaging equipment to give us a closer view of the tumor site, as well as live information on how treatment is progressing," Dr. Forgham says.

"It's a perfect demonstration of chemistry and biology working together—something you don't often see, but something that was essential to solve a problem with its fair share of natural hurdles."

Having demonstrated the potential of their discovery, the next step is taking the idea from the lab bench to the clinic.

"The goal is to translate these findings into a product that presents a gentler yet direct approach to treating cancerous tumors," Dr. Forgham says.

"And not just medulloblastoma—but a wider range of cancers."

More information: Helen Forgham et al, Multifunctional Fluoropolymer‐Engineered Magnetic Nanoparticles to Facilitate Blood‐Brain Barrier Penetration and Effective Gene Silencing in Medulloblastoma, Advanced Science (2024). DOI: 10.1002/advs.202401340

Journal information: Advanced Science

Provided by Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN)

Citation: Designing a tiny new tool to map and treat children's brain cancer (2024, May 21) retrieved 21 June 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-05-tiny-tool-children-brain-cancer.html
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