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Successful synthesis of helical conductive polymers with circular polarization activity in response to magnetic fields

Successful synthesis of helical conductive polymers with circular polarization activity in response to magnetic fields
Polarizing optical microscopy image of the conducting polymer prepared in cholesteric liquid crystal electrolyte with cyclosporin A, and helical stacking structure of the polymer in molecular level. Credit: University of Tsukuba

Researchers at University of Tsukuba have synthesized a helical, magnetically active conductive polymer with exceptionally high optical activity using cyclosporine A as a helix-inducing agent. This polymer exhibits distinct absorption of circularly polarized light, corresponding to the orientation of an applied magnetic field.

In the realm of semiconductors, spintronics—a technology that manipulates electronic devices by controlling within magnetic fields—has gained considerable attention for its potential application in communication technologies. Traditionally, research in this area has predominantly focused on inorganic magnetic materials; only a few studies have investigated , particularly .

Drawing on extensive experience in topological magnetism dating back to the late 1990s, the University of Tsukuba research team has reported several innovative organic magnetic materials in the spintronics domain.

Building on this foundation, they have developed helical, magnetically active conductive polymers inspired by the medical application of cyclosporine A, a critical drug in transplantation and immunodeficiency treatment derived from natural fungi and known for its strong helical induction capability. The synthesized polymer, leveraging cyclosporine A's properties, is anticipated to possess a pronounced helical structure. Synchrotron radiation analysis confirmed this helical microstructure.

Furthermore, the polymer demonstrated electron spin activity and anisotropy in alignment with the direction in the microwave region, alongside measurable circularly polarized electron spin resonance. These characteristics, unprecedented in organic polymers, mark a crucial advancement in the pursuit of polymer-based spintronics.

The research is published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry B.

More information: Kyoka Komaba et al, Optically Electroactive Polymer Synthesized in a Liquid Crystal with Cyclosporin A─Circularly Polarized Electron Spin Resonance, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.3c07375

Journal information: Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Citation: Successful synthesis of helical conductive polymers with circular polarization activity in response to magnetic fields (2024, March 4) retrieved 18 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-03-successful-synthesis-helical-polymers-circular.html
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