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Sounds emanating from coral reefs found to change as the moon rises and sets

Sounds emanating from coral reefs found to change as the moon rises and sets
High frequency pulse trains from fish. Significant increases in biological sound at Survey Site 1 are observed during moonlight hours at frequencies where high frequency pulse trains from fish are prominent (0.5–1.5 kHz). Significant increases in 〈PSD〉 are observed during nighttime hours between moonrise (diagonal thin white lines) and moonset (diagonal thin black lines). There are also significant increases in 〈PSD〉 at sunset (thick vertical black line) and approximately one hour before sunrise (thick vertical white line). Credit: PLOS ONE (2024). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0299916

A pair of underwater researchers at the U.S. Navy's Naval Undersea Warfare Center, working with a colleague from the Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy, also in the U.S., has found that sounds emanating from coral reefs change as the moon rises and sets.

In their study, published in PLOS ONE, the group used underwater microphones to listen to sounds coming from coral reefs over the year 2020 to 2021.

Prior research has shown that the health of a coral reef can be measured by listening to sounds generated by fish and other organisms that live on and around such reefs—more noise means more creatures, which is generally believed to represent the overall health of a reef.

For this new study, the research team explored changes to reef noise levels when the rises and sets. Noise levels vary between night and day due to the amount of shining through the water—the moon reflects a lot of light; thus, the team thought its presence in the sky might also have an impact on coral organism activity and the resulting amount of noise.

To find out if the moon might have an impact on coral reef noise levels, the group lowered sonic monitoring devices into the vicinity of coral reefs off the coast of Hawaii on multiple occasions, each time capturing one minute of noise over 10-minute intervals

The researchers found that there were differences in . As the moon rose, reflecting more light onto the sea, high-frequency pulses of sound increased while low-frequency sound pulses decreased. The reverse happened after the moon set. Such changes in sound, the researchers note, indicate that light reflected from the moon has a direct impact on activity levels in coral reefs.

Such information is valuable, as rising and increases in ocean acidification pose threats to and the sea life they support. Knowing when they are most active could assist with efforts to save them.

More information: Daniel Duane et al, Moonlight-driven biological choruses in Hawaiian coral reefs, PLOS ONE (2024). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0299916

Journal information: PLoS ONE

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Citation: Sounds emanating from coral reefs found to change as the moon rises and sets (2024, March 27) retrieved 15 July 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-03-emanating-coral-reefs-moon.html
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