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A new vibrant blue pottery pigment with less cobalt

A new vibrant blue pottery pigment with less cobalt
Tiles produced bright colors when glazed with a new blue pigment (right row) or an acidified version of the pigment powder (left row). Credit: Adapted from ACS Applied Optical Materials 2024, DOI: 10.1021/acsaom.3c00419

Whether ultramarine, cerulean, Egyptian or cobalt, blue pigments have colored artworks for centuries. Now, seemingly out of the blue, scientists have discovered a new blue pigment that uses less cobalt but still maintains a brilliant shine.

Though something like this might only happen once in a blue moon, the cobalt-doped barium aluminosilicate colorant described in ACS Applied Optical Materials withstands the high temperatures found in a kiln and provides a bright color to glazed tiles.

Many of the brilliant blue pigments—like those in antique Chinese porcelain or works by Claude Monet—make use of cobalt-based compounds, including the famous "cobalt blue." Though the metal itself is toxic, in mineral form, it has high chemical and , and those properties make cobalt aluminate one of the only pigments suitable for high-temperature applications, including pottery glazes.

Today, cobalt is used in , and demand for the metal ore will likely increase as the need for battery power grows. As a result, scientists, including Peng Jiang and colleagues, are searching for alternative pigments that require fewer cobalt ions and still maintain a bright blue hue.

The team based their new pigment on a barium feldspar mineral (BaAl2Si2O8) that also features high temperature and chemical stability. Compounds containing barium, aluminum, silicon and cobalt were ground together, pressed into a sheet, then heated to above 2550 degrees Fahrenheit to form the pigment.

Then, the researchers mixed the powder into a ceramic glaze, sprayed it onto tiles, and fired them to produce glazed pieces of pottery. The pigment was stable at temperatures up to 3200 degrees—well above the typical firing temperature of a pottery kiln—and only experienced slight color changes when exposed to either acidic or alkaline solutions, demonstrating the compound's stability.

Tiles sprayed with the pigmented glaze maintained a smooth, bright surface that deepened in color as the concentration of cobalt in the pigment increased. The researchers say that this new powder substantially reduces the amount of needed, resulting in a cheaper, easier-to-produce blue ceramic .

More information: Zhiwei Wang et al, Application and Properties of Co2+-Doped BaAl2Si2O8 Blue Pigments in Glazes, ACS Applied Optical Materials (2024). DOI: 10.1021/acsaom.3c00419

Citation: A new vibrant blue pottery pigment with less cobalt (2024, February 22) retrieved 14 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-vibrant-blue-pottery-pigment-cobalt.html
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