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Green growth in Europe: Decoding the EU's journey to sustainability (1990-2019)

Green Growth in Europe: Decoding the EU's Journey to Sustainability (1990-2019)
Bibliographic analysis using Vosviewer software exhibits the relationship between climate change, environmental degradation, economic development, GDP, GHGs, energy use, and sustainability. Credit: Environmental Science and Ecotechnology

In a recent study published in the journal Environmental Science and Ecotechnology, researchers evaluated the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in the EU-27 from 1990 to 2019. The study focuses on analyzing trends towards environmental sustainability in these countries.

The research spanning 29 years (1990-2019) across EU-27 countries examined the complex interplay between economic growth and using the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) framework. This framework suggests that environmental degradation initially increases with economic growth but decreases at higher income levels.

The study thoroughly analyzed CO2 emissions in relation to , GDP, and population dynamics, revealing a significant decrease in CO2 emissions despite economic and population growth.

Advanced econometric methods showed a positive trend: as EU economies expanded, they became cleaner and more resource-efficient. This change is attributed to effective EU , technological progress, and increased sustainability awareness.


  • The total GHG emissions of the EU-27 were reduced significantly (p < 0.05).
  • The energy consumption increased significantly by +1.18 Mtoe per year (p < 0.05).
  • The Environmental Kuznets Curve relation has been confirmed within EU-27.
  • Economic development within the EU-27 has started to improve the environment.

Lead researcher Safwan Mohammed emphasizes the significance of the study in understanding how economic development, policy interventions, and intersect in the EU context.

The study's findings affirm the effectiveness of EU environmental policies, emphasizing the vital role of in enhancing environmental quality. These insights are crucial for policymakers and stakeholders in shaping sustainable development strategies and environmental protection measures.

More information: Safwan Mohammed et al, Assessment of the environmental kuznets curve within EU-27: Steps toward environmental sustainability (1990–2019), Environmental Science and Ecotechnology (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.ese.2023.100312

Citation: Green growth in Europe: Decoding the EU's journey to sustainability (1990-2019) (2024, January 15) retrieved 15 April 2024 from
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