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New Begonia species found in southern Myanmar

New begonia species found in southern Myanmar
Begonia kayinensis. Credit: Min Khant Naing

Begonia (Begoniaceae) is one of the largest genera of angiosperms in the world. The northern and southern parts of Myanmar are likely to be the home of begonias with favorable conditions in climate, topography and vegetation. To date, 38 Begonia species have been recorded in tropical and subtropical forests of northern Myanmar. However, the karst limestone areas of southern Myanmar are poorly known floristically.

In 2020, a researcher found an unknown Begonia characterized by having sessile leaf and growing on this species. After careful examination of the morphology of the species by using the collected materials, color photographs, comparing with affiliated species and, reviewing the relevant literature and digitized , researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences confirmed it new to science and was the fifth representative of the Begonia sect. Monophyllon A.DC.

The was named Begonia kayinensis referring to Kayin state where the type was collected. The study was published in Taiwania on October 5.

Begonia kayinensis is a monoecious perennial herb. It is is morphologically similar to B. prolifera by having a globose tuber, unifoliate leaf, and free styles. However, the new species can be easily distinguished by its purple to brownish red bullate upper lamina, deep red lower lamina with prominent veins, lamina base cordate with overlapping lobes, repanded or undulate-dentate margin, paniculate inflorescence, and pistillate flower pedicle with translucent hairs.

New begonia species found in southern Myanmar
Begonia kayinensis. Credit: XTBG

The new species is known only from Hpa-an District, Kayin State, southern Myanmar. It is distributed in the hills and caves, namely Yathae Pyan Cave, Mt. Zwegabin and its continuous limestone areas. It grows on shaded, moist limestone surface, exposed limestone and cave entrance at an elevation of around 80 m above the sea level.

The researchers considered its conservation status as Near Threatened according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature standard.

The Native Species Conservation and Identification of Myanmar, a citizenship science initiative dedicated to documenting and conserving Myanmar's biodiversity, contributed to collecting materials including in situ photographs, detailed locality information, potential threats to this species for an IUCN conservation assessment, and local knowledge about this species.

More information: Mya Bhone Maw et al, Taxonomic studies on Begonia (Begoniaceae) in Myanmar III: Begonia kayinensis (sect. Monophyllon), a remarkable new species from Kayin State, Southern Myanmar, Taiwania (2023). DOI: 10.6165/tai.2023.68.407. taiwania.ntu.edu.tw/abstract/1956

Citation: New Begonia species found in southern Myanmar (2023, October 10) retrieved 15 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-10-begonia-species-southern-myanmar.html
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