New species of Begonia found in Gaoligong Mountains

New species of begonia found in Gaoligong Mountains
Begonia longlingensis. Credit: Tan Yunhong

Begonia is the sixth largest genus of angiosperms. Yunnan has 117 species of Begonia among the 250 species from China. Among the currently known Begonias in China, only Begonia yui has paired bracteoles below the ovary.

During botanical surveys of the transboundary cooperation on and in Gaoligong Mountains in 2021, researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences collected an unknown Begonia species with bracteoles present.

After a careful literature review and morphological comparisons, the researchers confirmed it as a species new to science. They named it as Begonia longlingensis to refer to the type locality in Longling County. The new species was published in Taiwania.

Begonia longlingensis is morphologically similar to B. wenshanensis in having similar leaves and caulescent habit. But it can be distinguished from the similar species by the following characters: puberulous inflorescences, five tepals of pistillate flower, bracteoles under the ovary, ovary densely red succulent strigose and rhizomes well developed.

The is currently known from Longling Xiaoheishan Provincial Natural Reserve of Baoshan City, and Linxiang District of Lincang City, Yunnan Province, China. It grows in moist environments in broad-leaved evergreen forests, at 2,100–2,300 m elevation.

More information: Hong-Bo Ding et al, Begonia longlingensis, a new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Yunnan, China, Taiwania: International Journal of Biodiversity (2022). DOI: 10.6165/tai.2022.67.377. taiwania.ntu.edu.tw/abstract.p … ype=abstract&id=1852

Citation: New species of Begonia found in Gaoligong Mountains (2022, July 13) retrieved 24 April 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2022-07-species-begonia-gaoligong-mountains.html
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