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Unveiling global warming's impact on daily precipitation with deep learning

Unveiling global warming's impact on daily precipitation with deep learning
a. Time series of the observed annual global mean air temperature (AGMT) anomalies during 1980- 2020 (black line) and the estimated AGMT obtained by using daily precipitation fields from the satellite-based observations and ERA5 reanalysis (colored lines) as inputs of deep learning model. Deep-learning produced global warming intensities are well consistent with the observations and show exceedance of a 95% confidence range of nature climate variability (dashed black horizontal lines) since 2015. b. The difference in the daily precipitation standard deviations between 2016–2020 and 2001–2005. Increased precipitation variability indicates more extreme behavior of daily precipitation. Black boxes represent hot spot regions for global warming influences identified by an explainable deep learning technique. Credit: POSTECH

A collaborative international research team led by Professor Yoo-Geun Ham from Chonnam National University and Professor Seung-Ki Min from Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) has made a discovery on the impact of global warming on global daily precipitation.

Using a , they have unveiled a significant change in the characteristics of global daily for the first time. Their research findings were published in Nature.

The research team devised a to quantify the relationship between the intensity of and global daily precipitation patterns. They then applied this model to data obtained from satellite-based precipitation observations. The results revealed that on more than 50% of all days, there was a clear deviation from natural variability in the daily precipitation pattern since 2015, influenced by human-induced global warming.

In contrast to conventional studies, which primarily focus on long-term trends in monthly or , the researchers employed explainable artificial intelligence to demonstrate that changes in daily precipitation variations were gradually intensifying upon weather timescales.

These fluctuations in rainfall at this weather time scale served as the most conspicuous indicators of global warming. The study further affirmed that the most evident changes in daily precipitation variability were observed over the sub-tropical East Pacific and mid-altitude storm track regions.

Unveiling global warming's impact on daily precipitation with deep learning
Schematic of the deep-learning-based climate change detection method used for daily precipitation variability over the globe. Credit: POSTECH

The researchers explained that traditional linear statistical methods used in previous climate change detection research had limitations in discerning non-linear reactions such as the intensified variability in daily precipitation. Deep learning, however, overcame these limitations by employing non-linear activation functions.

Moreover, while previous research methods primarily investigated global precipitation change patterns due to global warming, convolutional offered a distinct advantage in effectively detecting regional change patterns resulting from global warming.

Professor Yoo-Geun Ham explained, "Intensification of day-to-day precipitation variability implies an increase in the frequency of extreme precipitation events as well as a higher occurrence of heat waves during the summer due to extended dry spells."

Professor Seung-Ki Min added, "Given the ongoing trajectory of global warming, it is imperative to develop countermeasures as the consecutive occurrence of extreme precipitation and heat waves are likely to become more frequent in the future."

More information: Yoo-Guen Ham, Anthropogenic fingerprints in daily precipitation revealed by deep learning, Nature (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-023-06474-x. www.nature.com/articles/s41586-023-06474-x

Journal information: Nature

Citation: Unveiling global warming's impact on daily precipitation with deep learning (2023, August 30) retrieved 26 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-08-unveiling-global-impact-daily-precipitation.html
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