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Slowing the aging of the intestine in fish slows the aging of the entire organism, discover scientists

Slowing the aging of the intestine in fish slows the aging of the entire organism
Zebrafish share 70% of their genes with humans, while 84% of genes connected to human diseases have an equivalent among zebrafish. Aging among zebrafish is similar to that of humans, and is connected to age-related diseases such as arthritis, cachexia, neurodegenerative disease, and cancer. Credit: Oregon State University/Wikicommons

Is it possible to extend lifespan by simply slowing the aging of an organ, such as the intestine? CNRS researchers have discovered how to extend the life expectancy of zebrafish by reactivating a gene within intestinal cells. The results were published in the journal Nature Aging on May 4, 2023.

The intestine plays a crucial role in an anti-aging approach as well as general health. Over a century ago, Elie Metchnikov observed that aging ensued from increased inflammation of the intestine and microbial infiltration within . The more we age, the less the serves as a barrier, allowing the undesirable particles and bacteria that cause the more rapid aging of the organism to pass through.

In a new study, Miguel Godinho Ferreira and his team at the Institute for Research on Cancer and Aging (Ircan) in Nice (CNRS/Inserm/Université Côte d'Azur) have studied the impact on aging of telomere length in the intestinal cells of zebrafish. As with humans, these chromosome extremities shrink faster in the than in other organs during the course of a life, which is why this process plays such an important role in aging.

Scientists inserted a DNA fragment within zebrafish that enabled intestinal cells to produce the enzyme responsible for lengthening telomeres, telomerase. They then observed the slowing not only of the organ's decline, but also and especially that of the entire organism. This phenomenon regenerates the fertility and general health of individuals during the normal aging process, and increases lifespan with no associated risk of developing .

The proximity between telomere length among zebrafish and humans opens prospects for counteracting aging. Researchers are simultaneously studying the pathologies associated with shrinking telomere length, including cancer as well as neurodegenerative, immune, and gastrointestinal diseases.

More information: Mounir El Maï et al, Gut-specific telomerase expression counteracts systemic aging in telomerase-deficient zebrafish, Nature Aging (2023). DOI: 10.1038/s43587-023-00401-5

Journal information: Nature Aging

Provided by CNRS

Citation: Slowing the aging of the intestine in fish slows the aging of the entire organism, discover scientists (2023, May 22) retrieved 18 May 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2023-05-aging-intestine-fish-entire-scientists.html
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